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生态环境部7月例行新闻发布会实录

2021-07-28 来源:中国足彩网

2021-07-28 来源:中国足彩网
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  7yue28ri,shengtaihuanjingbujuxing7yuelixingxinwenfabuhui。kejiyucaiwusisizhangzoushouminchuxifabuhui,xiangmeitijieshaokejizhulidayingdahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhan。shengtaihuanjingbuxinwenfayanrenliuyoubinzhuchifabuhui,tongbaojinqishengtaihuanjingbaohuzhongdiangongzuojinzhan,binggongtonghuidalejizheguanzhudewenti。

  刘友宾: 中国足彩网各位媒体朋友,大家上午好!欢迎参加生态环境部7月例行新闻发布会。

  shengtaihuanjingbugaoduzhongshishengtaihuanjingkejigongzuo。jinnian6yue,sunjinlongshujidaozhongguohuanjingkexueyanjiuyuandiaoyanshiqiangdiao,dayingdahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhanshishengtaihuanjingbumenxinzhongde“guozhidazhe“,wubiluoshihao“sangezhiwu”dezongyaoqiu,qizhong,kexuezhiwushizuodaojingzhunzhiwu、yifazhiwudejichu、qiantiheguanjiansuozai。huangrunqiubuzhangzhichu,gengjiatuchuzuohao“sangezhiwu”,yaohaizaijingzhun,guanjianzaikexue,lujingzaiyifa。kexuezhiwu,jiushiyaozunxunguilv、shishiqiushi,yunyongkexuesiwei、kexuefangfa、kexuejishu、kejichengguo,qianghuakexuemoniheyuceyubao,kexueanpairenwuliangheshixujindu,qieshitigaohuanjingzhilicuoshidexitongxingheyouxiaoxing。

中国足彩网  jintianxinwenfabuhuidezhutishi: kejizhulidayingdahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhan。中国足彩网 yaoqingdaoshengtaihuanjingbukejiyucaiwusizoushouminsizhangxiangdajiajieshaoshengtaihuanjingkejigongzuodeyouguanqingkuang,binghuidadajiaguanxindewenti。jintiandexinwenfabuhuicaiyongshipinlianxianfangshijuxing。

  xiamian,中国足彩网 xiantongbaojixiang中国足彩网 bujinqizhongdiangongzuo。

  一、举办深入学习贯彻习近平生态文明思想研讨会

  2020nianshenruxuexiguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangyantaohuijinrizaijingjuban,huiyiweiraoshenruxuexiguancheluoshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,kaizhanyantao、fenxianghe中国足彩网 ,xingchengleyixilieyoushendu、youjiazhideguandianhechengguo。shengtaihuanjingbudangzushujisunjinlongchuxibingjianghua。

中国足彩网  dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangtuidongshengtaiwenminglilunchuangxin、shijianchuangxin、zhiduchuangxin,tichuyixiliexinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlvexinyaoqiu,xingchenglexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,kaipileshengtaiwenming中国足彩网 lilunheshijiandexinjingjie。

中国足彩网  xijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangshenkehuidaleweishenme中国足彩网 shengtaiwenming、中国足彩网 shenmeyangdeshengtaiwenming、zenyang中国足彩网 shengtaiwenmingdengzhongdalilunheshijianwenti,shenkechanshilefazhanyubaohu、huanjingyuminsheng、renyuziran、guoneiyuguojideguanxi,shidangheguojiabaoguidelilunchengguohejingshencaifu,biaozhizhe中国足彩网 dangduizhongguoteseshehuizhuyi中国足彩网 hefazhanguilvderenshidadaolexingaodu。

  shengtaihuanjingbujiangshenruxuexixuanchuanguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,zuoxijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangjiandingxinyangzhe、zhongshijianxingzhe、buxiefendouzhe,badahaodayingwuranfangzhigongjianzhanzuoweishengtaihuanjingbumenxinzhongde“guozhidazhe”,jianchifangxiangbubian、lidubujian,gengjiatuchujingzhunzhiwu、kexuezhiwu、yifazhiwu,zhashituijingexiangzhongdianrenwu,chixugaishanshengtaihuanjingzhiliang。

  二、上半年全国环境质量持续改善

中国足彩网  2020nian1-6yue,quanguodibiaoshui、huanjingkongqizhiliangjiancexianshi,中国足彩网 guoshengtaihuanjingzhiliangbaochichixugaishandelianghaoshitou。

中国足彩网  zaidibiaoshuifangmian,1940geguojiadibiaoshuikaoheduanmianzhong,shuizhiyouliang(ⅰ-ⅲlei)duanmianbiliwei80.1%,tongbishangsheng5.6gebaifendian;lieⅴleiduanmianbiliwei1.1%,tongbixiajiang3.2gebaifendian。zhangjiang、huanghedengzhuyaojiangheⅰ-ⅲleishuizhiduanmianbiliwei83.8%,tongbishangsheng5.9gebaifendian;lieⅴleiwei0.7%,tongbixiajiang3.8gebaifendian。

  zaihuanjingkongqifangmian,quanguo337gedijijiyishangchengshipingjunyouliangtianshubiliwei85.0%,tongbishangsheng4.9gebaifendian;pm2.5nongduwei36weike/lifangmi,tongbixiajiang10.0%;pm10nongduwei59weike/lifangmi,tongbixiajiang14.5%;o3nongduwei141weike/lifangmi,tongbixiajiang1.4%;so2nongduwei10weike/lifangmi,tongbixiajiang16.7%。

  jingjinjijizhoubiandiqu“2+26”chengshipingjunyouliangtianshubiliwei59.7%,tongbishangsheng12.6gebaifendian;pm2.5nongduwei55weike/lifangmi,tongbixiajiang16.7%。beijingshiyouliangtianshubiliwei71.4%,tongbishangsheng9.0gebaifendian;pm2.5nongduwei43weike/lifangmi,tongbixiajiang8.5%。

  三、夏季臭氧治理攻坚开局良好

中国足彩网  jinnianlai,quanguohuanjingkongqizhiliangchixugaishan,xikeliwu(pm2.5)chengxiajiangqushi,danchouyangwuranwentiriyituxian,tebieshizaixiaji,chouyangyichengweidaozhibufenchengshikongqizhiliangchaobiaodeshouyaoyinzi。

  huifaxingyoujiwu(vocs)shixingchengchouyangdezhongyaoqiantiwu,weijiaqiangvocszhili,youxiaokongzhichouyangwuran,中国足彩网 buzhidingle《2020nianhuifaxingyoujiwuzhiligongjianfangan》,zuzhijingjinjijizhoubiandiqu、zhangsanjiaodiqu、fenweipingyuanjisuwanluyujiaojiediqude95gechengshikaizhanxiajichouyangzhiligongjianxingdong。

  中国足彩网 buyipaichu168gegongzuozu,shenru58gevocspaifangliangda、chouyangwuranyalizhongdechengshiwanchengdiyilunciqianghuajiandubangfugongzuo,zhengjinyibuzuzhi227gegongzuozu,dao78gechengshikaizhandierlunciqianghuajiandubangfu,anzhao“wentijingzhun、shijianjingzhun、quweijingzhun、duixiangjingzhun、cuoshijingzhun”dezongyaoqiu,yibangfuweizhujidiao,yijianduweibaozhang,zhidaohebangzhudifangzhengfujiqiyeqieshijianshaovocspaifang,tishengchouyangzhilinengli。

  gediyejijixingdong,duigongjianxingdongjinxinglebushu。beijing、shandong,yijizhengzhou、luoyang、pingdingshan、suqiandengduodifachule“jishehuifaxingyoujiwuqiyedeyifengxin”,huyuqiyeyangeshoufa、gongzhongjijicanyu。hangzhou、taiyuan、jining、zibo、nantong、xuzhoudengchengshifenbiekaichulediyizhangvocsfadan。tianjin、hebei、shanxi、shandong、henan、guangdongdengsheng(shi)chutaiyouhuizhengce,yindaoguliyejiancuoshijiayouhezhuangxieyou。

  cong6yuedejianceshujulaikan,xiajichouyangzhiligongjiankaijulianghao,zhiligongzuochujianchengxiao。95gechengshipingjunyouliangtianshuwei19tian,tongbitigao5tian;qizhong80gechengshiyouliangtianshutongbitigao,5gechengshitongbichiping,10gechengshitongbixiajiang。

  中国足彩网 bujiangshenrutuijinqianghuajiandubangfu,jiadavocsjianpailidu,zhashituidongpm2.5hechouyangxietongkongzhi,youxiaotishengyouliangtianshubilv,quebaowancheng“shisanwu”huanjingkongqizhiliangyueshuxingzhibiaorenwu。

  四、《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会(COP15)确定新会期

  zhongguozhengfugaoduzhongshicop15choubeigongzuo,xijinpingzongshujiduocizaizhongyaoguojichanghetichuyaojiaqiangshuang、duobianhezuo,nulijiangcop15banchengyijiejuyoulichengbeiyiyidedahui。qunian2yue,hanzhengfuzonglizhuchizhaokaizhongguoshengwuduoyangxingbaohuguojiaweiyuanhuihuiyi,shenyitongguocop15choubeigongzuofangan。

  cop15yuandingyu2020nian10yue15-28rizaiyunnankunmingjuban。shouxinguanfeiyanyiqingyingxiang,《gongyue》mishuchugexiangzhunbeigongzuojunzongtiyanchi,cop15jinnianwufaruqijuxing。zhongfangyu《gongyue》mishuchujijituijinyouguangongzuobingxieshangcop15xinhuiqi,jingguowuyuanpizhun,dingyu2021nian5yue17rizhi30rizaiyunnankunmingjuban,tongqijuxing《shengwuanquanyidingshu》《yichuanziyuanyidingshu》diyuefanghuiyi。

  zhongfangjianghe《gongyue》mishuchujixubaochimiqiepeihe,gongtongzhiliyugaoxiaotuijingexiangchoubeigongzuo,jishigongbuhuiyiyichengdengziliao,quebaojiangcop15banchengyijieyuanman、chenggong、juyoulichengbeiyiyidediyuefangdahui。tongshi,中国足彩网 jiangchixugenzongxinguanfeiyanyiqingqingkuang,ruyoubianhuahediaozhengjiangjishigongbu。

中国足彩网  xiamian,qingzoushouminsizhangjieshaoqingkuang。

  邹首民: 谢谢主持人。各位媒体朋友,大家好!感谢大家长期以来对生态环境科技工作的支持,今天很高兴与大家一起中国足彩网 ,探讨生态环境科技工作的有关情况,借此机会中国足彩网 先向大家通报一下“十三五”以来的科技工作进展。

  科技是解决环境问题的利器。习近平总书记指出要突破自身发展瓶颈,解决深层次矛盾和问题,根本出路在于创新,关键要靠科技力量。去年中央经济工作会议指出,要打好污染防治攻坚战,坚持方向不变、力度不减,突出精准治污、科学治污、依法治污。推动生态环境质量持续好转。如何贯彻落实中央提出的三个治污的要求,做到经济高质量发展和生态环境高水平保护,都对生态环境科技工作提出了更高更多的要求。

  jinnianlai,zaidangzhongyang、guowuyuandejianqianglingdaoxia,shengtaihuanjingburenzhenxuexixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixianghekejichuangxindezhongyaolunshu,quanmianguancheluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanguanyukejitizhigaigejuecebushu,shengtaihuanjingkejigongzuojianchiwentidaoxiang、xuqiudaoxianghejieguodaoxiang,jijizhuanbiangongzuosilu、chuangxingongzuofangshi、qudelejijijinzhan。

  一是重大科研项目推进有序。“十三五”期间生态环境领域的科技投入不断增多,仅中央财政投入就超过100亿元,水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项完成“十三五”任务部署,长江生态保护修复联合研究一期项目顺利实施,大气重污染成因与治理攻关项目现已进入验收阶段。科技部等有关部门大力支持生态环境科技工作,先后部署了大气污染成因与控制技术研究,场地土壤污染成因与治理,固废资源化等十多个专项,基本涵盖生态环境各个领域。这些科技项目为打好污染防治攻坚战奠定了坚实的科学基础。

  二是科技体制改革进展顺利。中国足彩网 部制定《关于深化生态环境科技体制改革 激发科技创新活力的实施意见》等文件,大力推进生态环境科研管理放管服,扩大科研院所和科研人才自主权,强化了科研诚信中国足彩网 ,进一步激发广大科研人员创新活力。

  三是科技成果转化取得一定成效。发布《关于促进生态环境科技成果转化的指导意见》,建成国家生态环境科技成果转化综合中国足彩网 平台,实现了成果汇聚、信息发布、供需对接、咨询交易等技术中国足彩网 功能,形成国家与地方相结合、公益与市场相结合、线上线下相结合,开放共享、统一联动的生态环境技术中国足彩网 体系,促进了科技成果转化落地应用。

  四是创新科研组织实施机制。以“1+X”模式组建“国家大气污染防治攻关联合中心”和“国家长江生态环境保护修复联合研究中心”,联合全国500多家优势科研单位、8000名科研人员,形成“大兵团联合作战”的协同攻关模式。建立“一市一策”驻点跟踪研究与帮扶指导工作机制,向京津冀、汾渭平原等派驻41个专家团队,向长江经济带沿江城市派驻58个专家团队,为地方提供各类技术方案和措施建议超过500份,有力支撑各地打赢蓝天保卫战和打好长江保护修复攻坚战。

  五是取得一批重要科研成果。在水环境领域,形成重点行业水污染全过程控制技术系统与应用等八大标志性成果,建成流域水污染治理、流域水环境管理和饮用水安全保障三大技术体系,有效支撑了太湖、京津冀、三峡库区、淮河等流域水环境质量改善。在大气环境领域,建立了大气重污染成因定量化、精细化解析技术方法,弄清了京津冀及周边地区大气重污染成因,构建了重污染天气联合应对技术体系,有力支撑了重点区域大气污染防治工作。在土壤环境领域,开展铬、砷重金属污染地块修复工程示范,为土壤、人居环境和农产品质量安全保障提供科技支撑。在生态保护领域,形成了生态保护红线划定技术方法体系,支撑了以国家公园为主体的自然保护地管理体制建立。在固废领域,大宗工业固废建材化利用、生活垃圾焚烧发电、重金属安全处置等方面取得了一批关键技术突破,带动了固废循环利用产业的发展,支撑了“无废城市”中国足彩网 。在环境基准领域,首次发布了中国足彩网 国保护水生生物的镉和氨氮水质基准,实现了中国足彩网 国在该领域零的突破。

中国足彩网  dangqian,zhengmianlin“shisanwu”shouguan,中国足彩网 buyezhengzaijijimouhua“shisiwu”qijianshengtaihuanjingkejigongzuo,jutilaishuo,jiushimianxiangshijiehuanjingkejiqianyan、mianxianghuanjingguanlixuqiu、mianxiangwuranfangzhigongjianzhandeshijiwenti。jianli4gezhichengtixi,jizhenduijiejuetuchushengtaihuanjingwenti,jianquanshengtaihuanjingzhilianggaishandejishuzhichengtixi;zhenduijiangdishengtaihuanjingfengxianshuiping,goujianshengtaihuanjingfengxianfangkongdejishuzhichengtixi;zhenduishengtaihuanjingjianguanzhinengzhuanbian,goujianshengtaihuanjingzhihuijianguandejishuzhichengtixi;zhenduishengtaihuanjingkejitizhigaigedebuduanshenru,goujianjifachuangxinhuolitishengchuangxinxiaonengdenenglizhichengtixi。bushu6darenwu: yishikaizhanhuanjingwentichengyinjiliyijishikongheneizaiyanbianguilvdengqianyanjichuyanjiu;ershijiaqiangshengtaihuanjingzhili、jiance、xiufudengguanjianhexinjishudezizhuyanfa;sanshikaizhanshengtaihuanjingjianguanxiangguanfalvfagui、biaozhunzhengceyuzhidudengfangfatixiyanjiu;sishikaizhanquyuliuyuzhilijishujichengyuyingyongshifan;wushijiaqiangchuangxinpingtai、rencaiduiwuyuxueke中国足彩网 ;liushituijinchengguozhuanhuahehuanbaochanyefazhan。

  weiraozhei6darenwu,tuidongguojiashelio3hepm2.5fuhewuranxietongfangzhiyujingzhunzhili、liuyushuishengtaihuanjingbaohuyuxiufu、turangyudixiashuiwuranfengxianguankongyuxiufu、weixianfeiwuhuanjingfengxianfangkongyuquyuxietongchuzhi、haiyangshengtaianquanbaozhangyuzonghezhilidengyipikejixiangmu。

中国足彩网  中国足彩网 jiutongbaozheimeduo,xiamianhenyuanyihuidageweimeitipengyouguanxindewenti。

  第一财经日报记者: 近年来中国足彩网 国生态环境保护领域的科技投入不断加大,能否请环境部详细介绍一下科技治污取得哪些成效,产出了哪些重大的成果?

  邹首民: 谢谢。刚才中国足彩网 在开场白已经说了,“十三五”期间中央财政的科研投入就超过100亿,大家都知道科技作为一项基础性工作,贯穿于污染防治全过程,发挥了重要的支撑作用。随着科学的发展,中国足彩网 对环境问题形成的原因和内在变化规律的认识和把握更加清晰和准确,这就使制定相关政策和措施更加科学、精准。同时,随着一些关键技术的研发突破,中国足彩网 在污染治理和生态修复方面的技术可达性更强、经济可行性更加合理,环境保护与经济发展更加协调。比如,水专项在钢铁、化工、造纸等重点行业废水治理技术上的突破,使得这些传统重污染行业实现了产能提升和污染减排的“双赢”。

  jidajiajujigelizi,dajiabijiaoguanxindezhongwurantianqideyubaoyuce,meigerenzaichuxingguochengzhongdouyaokanyikanjintiandekongqizhiliangruhe。zaizhongwurantianqiyubaofangmian,tongguokejigongguan,wuranguochengyubaodezhunquelvjiejin100%,wuranjibiedeyubaozhunquelvjiejin80%,yubaodeshizhangyouyiqiande3-7tian,muqiankuozhandao10tian。dajiabuyaoxiaokanzheigekejijinbu,youyuyubaoyujingjishudekuaisufazhan,keyishigeditiqiancaiquyingjiguankongcuoshi,jianshaowuranwudeleijiqidian,jiangdiwuranfengzhi。zaigongyefeishuichulifangmian,dajiadouzhidao中国足彩网 guoshigangtiedaguo,gangtiechanliangshijiediyi,中国足彩网 tupolejiaohuaxingyefeishuiqianghuachulijichengjishu,yingyongyuangang、wugangdengdaxingqiye,leijishixianjieshuihefeishuihuiyong1.1yidun,zhijiehuijiqiyechanzhichaoguo1500yiyuan/nian。zaigangtiexingyedaqiwuranzhilifangmian,zhongguoxianzaishiweiyiyigeyongyoushijieshangzuixianjindegangtiequanliuchengchaodipaifangjishutixideguojia,shouganggufenqianangangtiegongsishishijieshangshoujiashixianquanliuchengchaodipaifangdeqiye,shigangtiexingyechaodipaifangchengweikeneng。2019nian4yue,shengtaihuanjingbudengwubuweiyinfa《guanyutuijinshishigangtiexingyechaodipaifangdeyijian》,dalituiguangchaodipaifangjishu。

  新华社记者: 请问近期设立的国家绿色发展基金,主要投向哪些领域,基金的设立对打好污染防治攻坚战将会起到哪些作用?

  邹首民: 设立国家绿色发展基金是党中央、国务院作出的重大决定,也是加强生态文明中国足彩网 、深入推动绿色发展的重要举措,对打赢打好污染防治攻坚战有重大意义。基金由财政部、生态环境部、上海市人民政府共同发起,基金首期总规模达到885亿元。

中国足彩网  jijinchuzifangbaokuocaizhengbu、zhangjiangjingjidai11geshengfen、jinrongjigouhedaxingqiye。guojialvsefazhanjijinzhuyao中国足彩网 yuguojiazhongdazhanlve,bacujinshengtaiwenming中国足彩网 、tuidongzhangjiangjingjidaifazhandengzhanlveyoujijieheqilai。zhongdianshijujiaozhangjiangjingjidaiyanxiandelvsefazhanlingyu,tongshishidangfusheguojiaqitazhongdazhanlvequyu,tansuokefuzhi、ketuiguangdejingyan。

中国足彩网  guojialvsefazhanjijinyeshishenhuagaigedeyixiangzhongyaocuoshi,chuangxintourongzifangshi。zhuyaocaiyongguquantouzihejijinzhuzidengfangshi,zhongdianzhichihuanjingbaohuhewuranfangzhi、shengtaixiufuheguotukongjianlvhua、nengyuanjieyueliyong、lvsejiaotong、qingjienengyuandenglvsefazhanlingyu。jijinzhuyaocaiyongshichanghuayunzuoheqiyehuaguanli,shengtaihuanjingbuzaijijinzhengshiyunzuoguochengzhongjiangyucaizhengbu、shanghaishirenminzhengfu、yanjiang11shengshigejizhengfuyijijijinyunyingguanlituanduimiqiehezuo,fahuishengtaihuanjingbumendexinxiziyuanyoushi,zuzhigedihuanbaobumenzuohaoxiangmuchubei,yindaojijintourudaowuranfangzhigongjianzhanzuijixudelingyu,chongfenfahuijijindezuoyong。xiexie。

  人民网记者: 在统筹新冠肺炎疫情防控和经济社会发展的各项工作中,生态环境科技是发挥了什么作用?

  邹首民: 谢谢你的提问,现在还是正处于疫情防控关键时期,新冠肺炎疫情发生以来,中国足彩网 部坚决贯彻落实党中央国务院的决策部署,积极主动中国足彩网 “六稳”工作、落实“六保”任务。在此期间广大生态环境科技工作者也积极为这次疫情防控提供了科技支撑。

  diyi,chongfenliyongshuizhuanxiangdeyanjiuchengguoweiyiqingyanzhongdediqutigongxiangyingdeshebei,baokuoliyongshuizhuanxiangyanjiuchulaidegaochuanranxinghuodufeishuiyingjichulizhuangzhi,feishuiyingjijiance、yinyongshuianquanbaozhangdengshebei,xiangyiqingxiangguan10duogeshengshitigong80duotaitaojishuzhuangbei。

  dier,liyongguangdakejirenyuandecongmingcaizhi,bianzhi《xinguanbingduyiqinghuanjingfengxianfangkongyuyingjiguanlijishushouce(diyiban)》dengyipiyuyiqingfangkongyouguandeshengtaihuanjingbaohujishuzhinan、guanlijishushouce,zhidaogedizaiyiqingqijianzuohaohuanjingjianguanyufengxianfanghu。

中国足彩网  disan,guoneihenduokeyandanwei,ru中国足彩网 bunanjingsuoliyongguojiazhongdianyanfajihuakaifadechengguo,jinjigaizaowei“yiliaolajiyingjichulijishuyuzhuangzhi”,zhichihuoshenshanyiyuandengdeyiliaofeiwuchuzhi,xingchengrichuli10dunyiliaofeiwudechulinengli,weiyiquyiliaofeiwurichanriqing、wuhaihuachulitigongle“yinghe”jishu。

中国足彩网  disi,liyong中国足彩网 bu中国足彩网 deguojiashengtaihuanjingkejichengguozhuanhuazonghe中国足彩网 pingtai,kaipi“yingduiyiqingqijianfugongfuchanhuanbaoxuqiu”zhuanlan,dajianhuanjingzhilixuqiufanghejishuchiyoufanggongxuduijieyuzixunbangfuqudao,weiqiyeshunlifugongfuchandehuanbaonantitigongjishuzhichi。

中国足彩网  diwu,fahuikexuepujizuoyong,bianzhiyixieyiqingyouguandehuanjingbaohukexuezhishiwenda,baokuozaiwushuichulihelajichuliguochengyinggaizhuyideshixiang,zuzhijuban“yunkepu”xiliehuodong,chuanboyiqingfangkongxiangguankexuezhishi,zengqianggongzhongzi中国足彩网 fanghunengli,xiaochukonghuangqingxu。tongshi,zhongguohuanjingkexuexuehuidiyishijianxiangsuoyoudehuanjingkeyanrenyuanfachuyaoliyongkexuezhishi,jijitourukangyidechangyi。

  南方都市报记者: 中国足彩网请问“一市一策”驻点跟踪研究与技术帮扶工作机制运行如何,对地方科学治污和精准治污发挥了什么作用?

  邹首民: “一市一策”驻点跟踪研究与技术帮扶最初是为了更好地实施大气重污染成因与治理攻关项目而创新的一种科研组织模式。在攻关项目实施过程中,中国足彩网 向京津冀及周边地区“2+26”城市派驻了28个驻点跟踪研究工作组,这些工作组深入地方一线,送科技解难题,把脉问诊开药方,边研究、边产出、边应用,解决地方“有想法、没办法”的人才和技术瓶颈。

中国足彩网  zheizhongmoshiyoushengtaihuanjingbu、guojiadaqiwuranfangzhigongguanlianhezhongxin、zhudiangenzonggongzuozu、difangrenminzhengfutongguoqiandingsifangxieyidefangshituijinshishi。2018nian,中国足彩网 bazheizhongmoshituiguangyingyongdaofenweipingyuan、xionganxinqu、xinjiangchangjizizhizhoudeng13gechengshi。tongshi,yexiangzhangjiangyanxianpaizhule58gegongzuozu,zhichengdifangdahaozhangjiangbaohuxiufugongjianzhan。

  zhudiangenzongyanjiugongzuozugoujianle“wentishibie—mubiaotichu—jianpaifenxi—fangantichu—pingguyouhua”dejishubangfugongzuotixi。yizhichengdayinglantianbaoweizhanweili,gegongzuozubianzhigaofenbianlvdongtaiyuanqingdan,kaizhanjingxihualaiyuanjiexi,bangzhumeigechengshijingzhunshibiezhuyaowuranyuan,yanjiutichufuhedangdiwurantezhenghechanyenengyuanjiegoushijiqingkuangdezonghejiejuefangan。tongshi,jijipeihedifangzhengfukaizhanzhongwurantianqiyingdui,xingcheng“shiqianyupan-shizhonggenzong-shihoupinggu”degongzuomoshi,jizaimeicizhongwuranguochengzhong,gongzuozushouxiantichuyingduifangan,zhengfucainashishi,gongzuozujishiduixiangguancuoshijinxinggenzongpinggu,bingyouhuagaijinyingduifangan,zhidaoxiayicizhongwurantianqikexueyingdui。

  gezhudiangenzongyanjiugongzuozuzaibangzhudifangjiejueshijiwentidetongshi,daidongdifangrencaipeiyanghechengzhang,dafutishengdifangkejijichunengli,xingchengdaqiwuranfangzhikejizhichengdezhangxiaojizhi。zheixiangbangfugongzuojidedaoledifangzhengfudeguangfanhaoping,yeshikexuejiamenyoulezhenzhengderongyuganhechengjiugan,jianxinglexijinpingzongshujiba“lunwenxiezaizuguodadishang”dehaozhao。

  每日经济新闻记者: 中国足彩网当前污染治理技术需求旺盛,但市场上技术鱼龙混杂,地方和企业选择技术时往往无所适从,生态环境部如何指导地方和企业做好技术选择?

  邹首民: 中国足彩网大家都知道随着环境治理深入,技术作用日益凸显,以前靠管理很容易实现的管理目标,现在要想解决深层次的问题,关键还是要依靠科技,现在技术种类繁多,给地方特别是企业在选择过程中的确造成了困难。生态环境部在指导地方和企业选用先进可行可靠的技术方面,主要从以下几个方面开展工作。

  yishifabuniandu《guojiaxianjinwuranfangzhijishumulu》。cong2007niankaishi,中国足彩网 bumeinianjiehedangniandehuanjingzhilijishuxuqiuredian,fabu《guojiaxianjinwuranfangzhijishumulu》,xuanzehuanjinghejingjixiaoyidoubijiaohaodexianjinjishu,tebieshijingjixiaoyibijiaohaodejishu,gongqiyeyijiguanlibumenxuanzeshiyongcankao,muqianyijingfabulegong1173xiangxianjinjishu。tongshisuizheguojiajigougaige,wenshiqitiguanlizhinenghuazhuandaoshengtaihuanjingbu,muqianyijingfalesanpi《guojiazhongdiantuiguangdeditanjishumulu》。zheixiefabudejishu,qizhongyibufenbeidifangheqiyecaiyong,biruyoudejishuzaiwushuichulichangdetibiaogaizaoshangdedaoleguangfanyingyong。

  ershi中国足彩网 guojiashengtaihuanjingkejichengguozhuanhuazonghe中国足彩网 pingtai,tuiguangzhanshixianjinshiyongjishu。pingtaijianchigongyixingdingwei,yijishupinggu、shaixuan、fuhua、zixun、zhanshi、tuiguanghe中国足彩网 weihexinrenwu,huijiquanguoxianjinshiyongjishu,weidifangheqiyeshaixuanchuyituiguang、chengbendi、xiaoguohaodexianjinshiyongjishu。zheigepingtaileisiyuyigejishudachaoshi,muqianyijinghuijile4500duoxiangjishu。tongshi,zuzhixianxiagongxushuangfangmianduimianduijie,quebaopingtaituijiandejishuhaoyong、guanyong。

中国足彩网  sanshijubanxiliechengguotuijiehuodong。2019nian,中国足彩网 buxianhouzaizhangjiangshangzhongxiayou(chengdou、zhangsha、nanjing)juban3chang“dahaozhangjiangbaohuxiufugongjianzhanshengtaihuanjingkejichengguotuijiehuodong”,leijituijieshengtaihuanjingzhilijishujin600xiang。jinhou,haijiangjixuzuzhikaizhanleisidechengguotuijiehuodong。

  sishifahuizhudianzhuanjiatuanduizuoyong。中国足彩网 buxiangquanguopaichule99gezhuanjiatuanduishenrudifangyixian,liyongtamenzhangwodekexuejishuhezhuanyejinengzhijiezhichidifangwuranfangzhi,jidifangsongjishu,jienanti。

  人民日报记者: 中国足彩网关于生态环境资金的问题,不管是生态环境保护还是污染防治攻坚都离不开资金的投入,“十三五”以来生态环境资金投入到哪些方面,发挥了什么样的效果?将来在“十四五”资金投入有什么考虑?

  邹首民: “十三五”期间中国足彩网 部配合财政部管理的生态环境资金有四项,分别是水污染防治资金、大气污染防治资金、土壤污染防治专项资金和农村环境整治资金。“十三五”期间累计下达2248亿元。

中国足彩网  yishishuiwuranfangzhizijin783yiyuan,zhongdianzhichizhangjiangjingjidaishengtaibaohuxiufu、liuyushangxiayouhengxiangshengtaibuchang、zhongdianliuyushuiwuranfangzhideng。zijinduigedixiaojianlievleiduanmian、jianlizhongdianliuyushengtaibuchangjizhi、jiejueheichoushuiti、gaishanhuanjingzhiliangdoufahuilehendadezhichengzuoyong。

中国足彩网  ershidaqiwuranfangzhizijin974yiyuan,qizhong2020nianshi250yiyuan,bi2016nianzengjialeyue119%。zijinzhuyaoyongyujingjinji、zhangsanjiao、fenweipingyuandengzhongdianquyukaizhandaqiwuranzhili,baokuodongjiqingjiequnuanshidian。zijinduizhongdianquyudaqiwuranfangzhiqidaolezhongyaodezuoyong。

  sanshiturangwuranfangzhizhuanxiangzijin285yiyuan。zhongdianzhichiturangwuranzhuangkuangxiangcha、shouwuranturangguankongxiufu、zhongjinshuwuranfangzhideng。

中国足彩网  sishinongcunhuanjingzhengzhizijin206yiyuan。zhichinongcunshenghuowushuilajichuli、guimohuayixiachuqinyangzhiwuranzhilideng,duigaishannongcunhuanjingzhiliangqidaofeichangzhongyaodezuoyong。

中国足彩网  “shisiwu”qijian,xiwangjixujiaqiangzaidaqi、shui、turang、nongcundenglingyudezijintouru。

  封面新闻记者: 请介绍一下今年上半年全国突发环境事件有关情况,在应对突发环境事件方面生态环境部做了哪些工作?

  刘友宾: 2020年上半年,全国共发生突发环境事件107起,与2019年同期相比下降22.5%。其中,生产安全事故引发50起,交通运输事故引发42起,违法排污引发4起,自然灾害引发4起,其他原因引发7起。从事件原因上看,生产安全事故、交通运输事故仍是引发次生突发环境事件的主要原因,两者合计超85%。在各级生态环境部门共同努力下,妥善处置了包括鹿鸣矿业有限公司尾矿库泄漏事故在内的一批突发环境事件,环境安全得到有效保障。

  中国足彩网 bushizhongjianchibingluoshihao“youshimeishidangyoushizhunbei,dashixiaoshidangdashiduidai”“wugediyishijian”dengyouxiaozuofa,congyangehuanpingbaguan、jiaqiangyuanguanliheyujingtixi中国足彩网 dengfangmianjiaqianghuanjingfengxianguankong,tuoshanyingduitufahuanjingshijian,jianjueshouzhushengtaihuanjinganquandixian。yishijiaqianghuanjingyingjizhishou,quebaotufahuanjingshijianzaofaxian、zaodiaodu、zaochuzhi。ershiqianghuaxinxigongkai,fashengzhongtedahuozhemingantufahuanjingshijianshi,ducudangdizhengfuluoshi“5·24”yaoqiu(5xiaoshineifabuquanweixinxi,24xiaoshineijuxingxinwenfabuhui)。sanshikexuechuzhigeleitufahuanjingshijian。yidanfashengtufahuanjingshijian,diyishijianpairenganfuxianchang,zhidaoheducuyouguanbumenhedifangtuoshanchuzhi,zuidaxiandujianshaotufahuanjingshijianzaochengdeshengtaiweihai,zuidachengdubaozhangrenminqunzhongdehuanjinganquan。

  中央广播电视总台央视记者: 中国足彩网在“十四五”规划方面很多部门都已经把规划提上日程了,刚才也介绍了“十四五”生态环境科技方面也有很多部署,想问这些部署具体将怎样实现,对生态环境保护工作将有什么样的助力?

  邹首民: 目前,各部门都在开展“十四五”规划的编制工作,为了强化科技支撑“十四五”生态环境保护工作,中国足彩网 部也启动了“十四五”生态环境科技需求和重点研发任务的凝练工作。目前,已形成了初步的思路和框架,具体如下:

中国足彩网  “shisiwu”shengtaihuanjingkejigongzuodezongtisilushiyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,yigaishanshengtaihuanjingzhilianghefangfanshengtaihuanjingfengxianweihexin,yizhichengdahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhan、中国足彩网 jingjigaozhiliangfazhanweimubiao,tuchukexuezhili、jingzhunzhili、yifazhili、xitongzhilihezhihuizhili,zhelishenhuashengtaihuanjingkejitizhigaige,jiakuaiwanshanxinshidaishengtaihuanjingkejichuangxintixi,wei中国足彩网 meilizhongguotigongqiangyoulidekejiyinlinghezhicheng。

  jutilaishuo,jiushimianxiangshijiehuanjingkejiqianyan、mianxianghuanjingguanlixuqiu、mianxiangwuranfangzhigongjianzhandeshijiwenti。jianli4gezhichengtixi,jizhenduijiejuetuchushengtaihuanjingwenti,jianquanshengtaihuanjingzhilianggaishandejishuzhichengtixi;zhenduijiangdishengtaihuanjingfengxianshuiping,goujianshengtaihuanjingfengxianfangkongdejishuzhichengtixi;zhenduishengtaihuanjingjianguanzhinengzhuanbian,goujianshengtaihuanjingzhihuijianguandejishuzhichengtixi;shenhuahuanjingkejitizhigaige,goujianjifachuangxinhuolitishengchuangxinxiaonengdenenglizhichengtixi。bushu6darenwu: yishikaizhanhuanjingwentichengyinjiliyijishikongheneizaiyanbianguilvdengqianyanjichuyanjiu,tishengkexuerenzhi;ershijiaqiangshengtaihuanjingzhili、jiance、xiufudengguanjianhexinjishudezizhuyanfanengli,tishengjishuzhuangbeishuipinghejingzhunzhiwunengli;sanshikaizhanshengtaihuanjingjianguanxiangguanfalvfagui、biaozhunzhengceyuzhidudengfangfatixiyanjiu,tishengyifazhiwushuiping;sishikaizhanquyuquanguochengwurankongzhiheshengtaibaohuxiufudejishujichengyuyingyongshifanyanjiu,tishengxitongzhilihebaohushuiping;wushijiaqiangchuangxinpingtai中国足彩网 yubujuyouhua、rencaiduiwuyuxueke中国足彩网 deng,tishengkejichuangxinshuiping;liushidalikeyanchengguozhuanhuayingyong,cujinhuanbaochanyefazhan,tishengjiejueshengtaihuanjingshijiwentideshuiping。

  xiayibu,中国足彩网 jianganzhaozhongyangkejitizhigaigedeyaoqiu,jijiyukejibudengbumengoutongxiediao,zhengqujiang中国足彩网 buxuqiunaruguojiakejichuangxinguihua,bingzuzhikaizhanxiangguandeyanjiugongzuo,jijizhichengwuranfangzhigongjianzhan。

  中新社记者: 中国足彩网 国环保产业发展现状如何,生态环境部如何推进环保产业发展,谢谢。

  邹首民: 大力发展环保产业是统筹经济高质量发展和生态环境高水平保护的重要举措,近年来随着生态环境管理工作加强,包括执法力度的不断加大,环保产业发展的市场空间加速释放,战略地位不断提升。

中国足彩网  yishizuoweizhanlvexinxingchanye,huanbaochanyeguimobuduankuoda。2018nianhuanbaochanyedeyingshoudadao1.6wanyiyuanzuoyou,bi2017nianzengzhang18%yishang,yuangaoyutongqiguominjingjizengsu。

中国足彩网  ershihuanjingjishushuipingxianzhutisheng,huanjingzhilizhichengnenglixianzhuzengqiang。jingguojinnianlaidekuaisufazhan,中国足彩网 guohuanjingjishuyuguojixianjinshuipingdechajubuduansuoxiao,yibanwuranzhilijishuhechanpinjibennengmanzushichangxuqiu。youxiejishu中国足彩网 yijingzoudaoshijieqianlie,baokuodajiadoulejiedehuodianchaodipaifangjishu,yebaokuogangtiexingyequanliuchengchaodipaifangjishu,doushishijielingxian。

  sanshihuanjing中国足彩网 demoshibuduanchuangxin,qiyefazhanhuolibuduanzengqiang。zaishengchanhuanbaoshebei、中国足彩网 huanbaosheshidetongshi,huanbaoqiyebagongzuozhujianxianghuanjing中国足彩网 lingyuyanshen,disanfangzhili、huanjingjixiao中国足彩网 、huanjingjinrongdeng中国足彩网 yetaichengkuaisufazhantaishi。“hulianwang+”moshi、pppmoshi、shengtaidaoxiangdekaifa(eod)moshidengruyuhouchunsunbanchuxian,zaihuanjingzhililingyudedaochuangxinyingyong,shi中国足彩网 huanbaochanyegengjiazhuangda。

中国足彩网  shengtaihuanjingbugaoduzhongshihuanbaochanyefazhan,congjiadazijintouruyindao、tuokuanheguifanhuanbaochanyeshichangdengfangmianjijituidonghuanbaochanyefazhan。

中国足彩网  yishijiadazijintouru,qianghuazijinyindao。2020nian,中国足彩网 bupeihecaizhengbu,anpaidaqi、shui、turangwuranfangzhizijinhenongcunhuanjingzhengzhizijin523yiyuan,gejidifangzhengfuyejiadawuranzhilitouru,huanbaochanyeshichangguimobuduankuoda。

  ershiwanshanshengtaihuanjingbiaozhuntixi,tuozhanhuanbaochanyeshichang。tongguobiaozhundaobi,cushiqiyecaiyongxianjindejishuhechuligongyijinxingwuranfangkong,cujinhuanbaochanyeyouhuashengji。

  sanshihuitongyouguanbumen,chutaiheluoshihuanbaochanyeshuishouyouhui、jinrongfuchizhengce,zhichihuanbaochanyefazhan。

中国足彩网  sishijijikaizhanhuanjing中国足彩网 moshichuangxin,tuijingongyeyuanqudisanfangzhili、huanjingzonghezhilituoguan中国足彩网 deng,tishenghuanjing中国足彩网 shuiping。

  xiayibu,中国足彩网 jiangjijizuohaoxiangguan中国足彩网 ,yindaohuanbaochanyefazhan。

  人民政协报记者: 中国足彩网中国足彩网 在助推生态环境科技成果转化方面做了哪些具体工作?刚才也提到中国足彩网 国家科技成果转化综合中国足彩网 平台,能不能具体介绍一下平台发挥了哪些作用,谢谢。

  邹首民: 中国足彩网重点说一下科技成果转化综合中国足彩网 平台。希望各位记者朋友多帮中国足彩网 宣传推荐这个平台,这个平台是中国足彩网 部贯彻落实国务院关于科技成果转化相关文件精神的重要措施,也是中国足彩网 部支持地方和企业精准、科学治污的重要举措之一。平台依托生态环境部环境发展中心中国足彩网 和运行,两年前开始谋划、去年开始上线运行。平台坚持公益性定位,主要开展技术评估、技术筛选、技术孵化、技术咨询、技术展示和技术推广等核心任务。目标是网尽天下环保好技术,为企业和政府污染治理和环境管理提供全方位技术支持。目前这个平台已经汇集了4500多项先进适用技术,还在不断丰富完善中。

中国足彩网  yishiweiraowuranfangzhigongjianzhan,songzhengcesongjishusong中国足彩网 。kaishe“wufeichengshi”“vocswuranfangzhi”“chuqinyangzhi”dengzhuanlanzhuanqu,fenleishuli、linxuanhezhanshijishu、anlideng,bingjishishusongzhigongjianyixian。ru“wufeichengshi”中国足彩网 gongzuo,shaixuanle76xiangxianjinshiyongjishu,xianggeshidianchengshijinxingtuiguang;youru,zhenduijinnianxiajivocszhiligongjianxingdong,zhengjile11xiangchengbendi、xiaoguohaodevocszhilixianjinshiyongjishu,jinxingjizhongzhanshihetuiguang。

中国足彩网  ershiweiraoyonghuxuqiu,kuaisuxiangyingtigongjishu中国足彩网 。pingtaijijixiangyingyonghutichudegeleijishuxuqiuhenanti,bangzhuyonghujiejueleruwushuichulichangzhongjinshuchaobiao、qiyeechouqitichuli、weixianfeiwuchulichuzhidengyidapinanti。

  sanshi中国足彩网 yiqingfangkong,zhuliqiyefuchanfugong。pingtaikaisheyingduiyiqingzhuanqu,fabuyiliaofeishui、feiwuchulichuzhijishu,jiji中国足彩网 luoshi“liubao”renwu,zuzhizhaokaiduochangciqiyefugongfuchanhuanbaoxuqiuzuotanhui,weidifangheqiyetigongyiqingfangkongjifugongfuchanxiangguanjishuzhichi。

  sishikaizhanxianxiajishu中国足彩网 。pingtaichulekaizhanxianshangjishu中国足彩网 zhiwai,haizaixianxiazhijiekaizhandianduidian中国足彩网 xiangguanchengshi。genjugegechengshitichudewenti,dianduidianquchengshibangfu,baokuotianjin、chengdou、zhangsha、xiangtan、nanjingjinxingchengguogongxuduijiehetuiguang,leijiwei1500yujiaqiyetigonglekejizixun中国足彩网 。

  xiwangdajiabangzhu中国足彩网 duoxuanchuan、duotuiguangzheigepingtai,yehuyudajiayouhaodejishu,zaishichangshangrenkede,jingshijianjianyanshikexingde,doukeyidao中国足彩网 pingtaijinxingzhanshihefabu。xiexie!

  刘友宾: 今天的发布会到此结束,谢谢邹首民司长,谢谢各位记者朋友!

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