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生态环境部6月例行新闻发布会实录

2021-06-30 来源:中国足彩网

2021-06-30 来源:中国足彩网
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  6yue30ri,shengtaihuanjingbujuxing6yuelixingxinwenfabuhui,faguiyubiaozhunsisizhangbietao、shengtaihuanjingbuhuanjingbiaozhunyanjiusuofusuozhangwanghaiyanchuxifabuhui,xiangmeitijieshaoshengtaihuanjingbaohufaguibiaozhungongzuojinzhan。shengtaihuanjingbuxinwenfayanrenliuyoubinzhuchifabuhui,tongbaojinqishengtaihuanjingbaohuzhongdiangongzuojinzhan,binggongtonghuidalejizheguanzhudewenti。

  刘友宾: 中国足彩网新闻界的朋友们,上午好!

  huanyingcanjiashengtaihuanjingbu6yuelixingxinwenfabuhui。xijinpingzongshujizaiquanguoshengtaihuanjingbaohudahuishangqiangdiaozhichu: “yongzuiyangezhiduzuiyanmifazhibaohushengtaihuanjing。baohushengtaihuanjingbixuyikaozhidu、yikaofazhi。”shengtaihuanjingburenzhenguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujidezhongyaozhishijingshen,zaidahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhanzhongjianchifangxiangbubian,lidubujian,jianchiyifazhiwu,kexuezhiwu,jingzhunzhiwu。jintianxinwenfabuhuidezhutishi: yifajiaqiangshengtaihuanjingbaohu。中国足彩网 yaoqingdaoshengtaihuanjingbufaguiyubiaozhunsibietaosizhang、shengtaihuanjingbuhuanjingbiaozhunyanjiusuofuzerenwanghaiyantongzhi,xiangdajiajieshaoyouguanqingkuang,binghuidadajiaguanxindewenti。weiyangeluoshiyiqingfangkongyouguanyaoqiu,jintiandefabuhuicaiyongshipinlianxianfangshi。

  xiamian,中国足彩网 xiantongbaojixiang中国足彩网 bujinqigongzuo。

  一、生态环境部党组理论学习中心组集中学习研讨习近平生态文明思想

  weiluoshi“bagezouzaiqian、zuobiaolv”,buduanjiaqiangbudangzuhebulingdaobanzizishen中国足彩网 ,jinri,shengtaihuanjingbudangzulilunxuexizhongxinzujizhongxuexiyantaoxijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang。

中国足彩网  budangzuhebulingdaobanzichengyuanbiaoshi,dangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujiqinzibushu、qinzituidongshengtaiwenming中国足彩网 heshengtaihuanjingbaohu,mouhuakaizhanleyixiliegenbenxing、zhangyuanxing、kaichuangxinggongzuo,tichuleyixiliexinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,xitongxingchengxijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang,kaipileshengtaiwenming中国足彩网 lilunheshijiandexinjingjie。zuoweituijinshengtaiwenming中国足彩网 heshengtaihuanjingbaohude“guanjianshaoshu”,yaojiangxuexixuanchuanguanchexijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangzuoweizhongyaozhengzhirenwu,shizhongzuodaolilunshangqingxing、zhengzhishangjianding、xingdongshangzijue。

  大家认为,学习好宣传好贯彻好习近平生态文明思想,要做到“九个结合”。一要与实现“两个一百年”奋斗目标和中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦结合起来,把打赢打好污染防治攻坚战作为生态环境部门心中的“国之大者”。二要与新时代中国足彩网 国社会主要矛盾变化的科学论断结合起来,不断满足人民日益增长的优美生态环境需要。三要与坚持以人民为中心的发展思想结合起来,在生态环境改善中,不断提升人民群众的获得感、幸福感和安全感。四要与推进供给侧结构性改革、推动经济高质量发展结合起来,协同推进经济高质量发展和生态环境高水平保护。五要与坚持人与自然和谐共生结合起来,推动形成人与自然和谐发展现代化中国足彩网 新格局。六要与彰显负责任大国担当、构建人类命运共同体结合起来,为世界可持续发展提供中国智慧、中国方案和中国贡献。七要与加快推进生态环境治理体系和治理能力现代化结合起来,全面落实生态环境领域改革任务。八要与加快打造生态环境保护铁军结合起来,锤炼打造政治强、本领高、作风硬、敢担当,特别能吃苦、特别能战斗、特别能奉献的铁军队伍和铁军机关。九要中国足彩网与做好当前各项生态环保工作结合起来,统筹推进疫情防控和经济社会发展生态环境保护工作。

  二、持续解决困扰基层的形式主义问题

  weishenruguanchexijinpingzongshujiguanyulijiexingshizhuyiguanliaozhuyidezhongyaozhishipishijingshen,duizhaozhongyangyouguanyaoqiubingjiehegongzuoshiji,shengtaihuanjingbujinriyinfa《shengtaihuanjingbuchixujiejuekunraojicengdexingshizhuyiwentiweidahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhantigongjianqiangzuofengbaozhengdeshishijucuo》,bushukaizhanxiangguangongzuo。

  wenjiantichulebagefangmian20xiangcuoshi,yaoqiushengtaihuanjingbuxitongzhulaosixiangzhengzhigenji,gaijinwenfenghuifeng,guifanduchajianchakaohe,tigaodiaoyanshixiao,qianghuadandangjili,tigaojicenghuanjingzhilinengli,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao,chixujiejuekunraojicengdexingshizhuyiwenti,weijueshengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuitigongjianqiangzuofengbaozheng。

中国足彩网  shengtaihuanjingbujiangyangekongzhigongwenshuliang,yangezhixingnianduhuiyizhibiaohehuiyijihuaqingdan。gonggutongchouguifanduchajianchakaohechengguo,jihuawaibudeshanzikaizhanduchajianchakaohe。jixuwanshandierlunzhongyangshengtaihuanjingbaohuduchagongzuo,jianjuefanduiguoduliuhen、dafanweisuoyaotaizhangdengzuofa。buduanyouhuawuranfangzhigongjianzhanqianghuajiandujianchagongzuoanpai,gengduocaiyong“sibuliangzhi”fangshikaizhananfangduchahexiansuohecha。shenhuashengtaihuanjinglingyu“fangguanfu”gaige,qieshibangzhujicengjianfu。tigaodiaoyanshixiao,kexueheliguihuadiaoyananpai。chongfentingqujicengganbuqunzhongyijianjianyi,bimianbujiediqide“kongzhongzhengce”hexianghudajiade“benweizhengce”,kexuebianzhi“shisiwu”shengtaihuanjingguihua。

中国足彩网  shengtaihuanjingbujiangjiadazhengxiangjililidu,zongjietuiguangzhenzhuashigandezhengmianjingyandianxing,tongbaopuguangxingshizhuyiguanliaozhuyidefanmiandianxing。jianchiyijizuojiyijikan,yijidaizheyijigan,tuidongjicengjianfugongzuobuduanqudexinchengxiao。

  三、部署2020年挥发性有机物治理攻坚

  为确保完成“十三五”环境空气质量改善目标任务,降低O3中国足彩网污染,生态环境部在充分调研基础上制定了《2020年挥发性有机物治理攻坚方案》,部署在全国开展夏季(6-9月)VOCs治理攻坚行动。

中国足彩网  gongjianxingdongtongchouyiqingfangkong、jingjishehuipingwenjiankangfazhanhedayinglantianbaoweizhanzhongdianrenwu,zhashizuohao“liuwen”gongzuo,luoshi“liubao”renwu,jianchi“sangezhiwu”“wugejingzhun”,quanmianjiaqiangvocszonghezhili,tuijinchanyezhuanxingshengjihejingjigaozhiliangfazhan。

  坚持精准治污。在问题上聚焦当前VOCs治理中存在的无组织排放严重、治理设施简易低效、监测监控不到位等突出短板;在时间上聚焦O3污染高发的夏秋季;在区位上聚焦京津冀及周边地区、长三角、汾渭平原、苏皖鲁豫交界地区;在对象上聚焦VOCs排放的重点企业、重点园区和企业集群;在措施上突出源头减排和过程管理,对全流程、全链条、全环节分别提出管控措施。

  jianchikexuezhiwu。中国足彩网 bujiangtongguoweixingyaoganshouduankaizhanzhongdianquyuchouyangqiantiwuyaoganjiance,shaixuanvocszhilizhongdianguanzhuquyu。chongfenyunyongzouhangjiance、shougongcaiyangjianceyijivocssuyuanfenxidengshouduan,quedingzhongdiankongzhidevocswuzhiyijiwuzhongminglu、xingyeminglu、paifanghuanjie。

中国足彩网  jianchiyifazhiwu。yangeyifajianguan、yifazhili,bushejiguanting、cuofengshengchan、yingjiguankongdengqiangzhixingcuoshi,yangeluoshijianduzhifa“shuangsuiji、yigongkai”,bugao“quanfugai”“yidaoqie”,duinarujianduzhifazhengmianqingdandeqiyejianshaoxianchangjianchapinci,zuidaxiandujianqingduiqiyezhengchangshengchandeganrao。

  按照攻坚方案要求,7月-9月,生态环境部将组织开展夏季O3污染防治强化监督帮扶,组织专家团队深入重点区域、苏皖鲁豫交界地区以及其他O3污染防治任务重的地区,指导地方优化VOCs治理方案;紧盯工业园区、企业集群和重点管控企业,对发现的问题实行“拉条挂账”式跟踪管理,督促地方建立问题台账,制定整改方案,确保整改到位。

中国足彩网  ciwai,weijiaqiangduidifangheqiyedebangfuhezhidao,中国足彩网 bukaizhan“songzhengce、songjishu、song中国足彩网 ”huodong。zuzhibianxielemianxiangqiyede《huifaxingyoujiwuzhilishiyongshouce》、mianxiangshengtaihuanjingzhifabumende《zhongdianxingyeqiyehuifaxingyoujiwuxianchangjianchazhinan(shixing)》、mianxiangshehuigongzhongde《chouyangjihuifaxingyoujiwuzonghezhilizhishiwenda》deng1tao3benshuji,xiangquanguoshengtaihuanjingbaohuxitongfafang,bingzaibuwangzhantigongdianzibanxiazailianjie。

  四、持续推进渤海生态恢复修复工作

中国足彩网  《bohaizonghezhiligongjianzhanxingdongjihua》yaoqiu,dao2020niandi,bohaibinhaishidishengtaixiufuguimobudiyu6900gongqing,zhengzhixiufuanxianxinzeng70gonglizuoyou。sanshengyishigongshelishengtaihuifuxiufugongchengxiangmu61ge,zhengzhixiufuanxianzhangduyuewei129gongli。

  shengtaihuanjingbutongguogongzuodiaodu、weixingyaoganjiance、xianchangdiaoyan、xiangyanhaichengshi(qu)zhengfuheshidengfangshi,faxianshengtaihuifuxiufurenwucunzaixiangmukaigonglvdi、wanchengxiufuliangshaodengwenti。jiezhi2020nian4yuedi,huanbohaisanshengyishijihuakaizhande61gehaiyangshengtaixiufuxiangmujin13gekaigong,wanchengbinhaishidixiufumianjiyueweimubiaoyaoqiude4.1%,zhengzhixiufuanxianzhangduyuezhanmubiaoyaoqiude19.6%。

  2020nian5yue,shengtaihuanjingbuxiangshengtaihuifuxiufurenwujinzhanzhihoudeqinhuangdao、tangshan、dalian、yingkou、panjin、jinzhou、huludao、binzhou、weifang、yantaideng10geyanhaichengshiyinfaleyujinghan,yaoqiugaoduzhongshi,caiquyouxiaocuoshi,jiadatuijinlidu,quebaoanqiwanchengrenwumubiao。

  jiezhi6yuezhongxun,sanshengyishiyiyou54geshengtaixiufuxiangmukaishishigong,kaigonglvdadao88.5%,tigaoleyue67.2gebaifendian。dongying、tianjinlvxiandadaojiaogaokaigonglv,yingkou、huludao、weifang、yantai、dalian、panjin、binzhoudengchengshihoulaijushang,shengtaixiufuxiangmuyiquanbukaigong,qinhuangdao、jinzhou、tangshandengsanshifenbiejiangweikaigongxiangmuyasuozhi1ge。

  xiayibu,中国足彩网 bujiangjieheyiqingfangkongyaoqiu,caiquweixingyaoganjiancejixianchangdiaochaheshixiangjiehedefangshi,chixugenjinsanshengyishijiyanhaichengshi(qu)shengtaihuifuxiufurenwujinzhan,ducutuidongzuohaobohaishengtaixiufugongzuo。7yuechu,中国足彩网 bujiangkaizhanshengtaihuifuxiufujinzhanxianchangdiaochaheshigongzuo,bingduijinzhanzhihoudiqujinxingtongbao。

  刘友宾: 中国足彩网下面,请别涛司长介绍情况。

  别涛: 各位媒体朋友,大家好!感谢各位长期以来对生态环境法规标准的关心和支持!

  jintian,zaiquanguolianghuijieshuyueyigeyuedeshihou,zheiliangtianquanguorendachangweihuizhengzaishenyidexingfaxiuzhenganzhongyeshejishengtaihuanjingneirong,yifaguibiaozhunweizhutizhaokaixinwenfabuhui,zhengdangqishi。

  zuijin,shengtaihuanbaofaguibiaozhunlingyuyouxuduolingrenzhenfendexiaoxi,yudajiafenxiangqizhongliangxiang: yishijinnian4yuedi,quanguorendachangweihuishenyitongguoxiudinghoude《gutifeiwuwuranhuanjingfangzhifa》,xijinpingzhuxiqianfazhuxilingyuyibanbu,yujinnian9yue1riqishixing。zaifangkongxinguanfeiyanyiqingdeqingkuangxia,zheibufalvtongguojiaqiangduigutifeiwubaokuoyiliaofeiwu、weixianfeiwu、shenghuolajidengdejianguanlidu,jiangyoulicujingutifeiwulingyushengtaihuanbaogongzuo,tuidongxingchenglvseshengchanhelvseshenghuofangshi。

  ershijinnian5yuedi,quanguorendashenyitongguoleshehuishifenguanzhude《minfadian》,queli“lvseyuanze”weiminshizhuticongshiminshihuodongdejibenyuanze,wuquan、hetong、qinquanzerensanbiandouyou“lvse”yuanzedeyouguanneirong,qizhongzhuanzhangguiding“huanjingwuranheshengtaipohuaizeren”,bujinyanxuciqianfalvyouguanguiding,haigenjushengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzhidugaigedengshijianjinzhan,zengjiaguidingweifaguyiwuranhuanjingpohuaishengtaidechengfaxingpeichangzhidu,bingmingqueguidingshengtaihuanjingsunhaidexiufuhepeichangguize。5yue29ri,zongshujizhuchizhongyangzhengzhijujiu“qieshishishiminfadian”juxingjitixuexishi,fabiaodezhongyaojianghuazhongzhuanmentijishengtaihuanjingbaohu,tazhichu“minshianjiantongrenminqunzhongquanyilianxizuizhijiezuimiqie。……yaojiaqiangduisheji……shengtaihuanjingbaohudengzhongdianlingyudeminshishenpangongzuohejianduzhidaogongzuo,jishihuiyingshehuiguanqie”。zheiyuzongshujiyizhiyilai,duiyushengtaihuanjingfaguibiaozhundezhongyaozhishijingshenyimaixiangcheng,tafanfuqiangdiao“yongzuiyangezhiduzuiyanmifazhibaohushengtaihuanjing”,yi“yifazhiwu”baozhangdayingwuranfangzhigongjianzhan,weishengtaihuanjingfaguibiaozhungongzuozhiminglefangxiang!

  jinnianlai,tebieshidangdeshijiudayilai,shengtaihuanjingburenzhenxuexiguancheluoshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang、xijinpingzongshujiquanmianyifazhiguoxinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlve,zaikexuelifa、yangezhifa、quanminshoufadenggehuanjie、quanguochengxietongfali,tuidongshengtaihuanjingfaguibiaozhuntixi中国足彩网 yuzhongdafazhi、zhongdagaigejinmironghe,tuijinshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzhidugaige,jijitansuotuijinhuanjingbiaozhunjizhundengfangmiandeyanjiugongzuo,qieshianzhao“yifazhiwu”zongyaoqiu,goujianleyuwuranfangzhigongjianzhanxiangshiyingdefaguibiaozhundakuangjia,qudejijijinzhan。

  jiecijihui,中国足彩网 xiangdajiabaogaojizushuzi:

  ——在法律法规体系方面: 迄今为止,由生态环境部门负责组织实施的法律共13部,占现行有效法律总数(270部左右)的约二十分之一;另有22部与生态环境保护紧密相关的资源法律。由国务院颁布、生态环境部门负责组织实施的行政法规共30件,占现行有效行政法规总数近二十分之一。由生态环境部依照法律法规规定,颁布实施的部门规章共计88件。

  ——在标准体系方面: 现行国家生态环境标准总数达到2140项。其中,包括17项环境质量标准,186项污染物排放(控制)标准,这两类是强制性标准,合计203项;也包括1231项环境监测类标准,42项环境基础标准,648项环境管理规范,16项与应对气候变化相关的标准。这些标准对打赢打好蓝天、碧水、净土保卫战,以及实施排污许可制度改革等工作十分重要,许多重点地区、重点行业正是借助标准的引导、倒逼和推动作用,加快供给侧结构性改革,推动形成优质供给增加、落后低质供给减少或加快退出的绿色发展新趋势,提振绿色生产信心。

  ——在生态环境损害赔偿制度改革方面: 中国足彩网全国各地办理了945件生态环境损害赔偿案件,涉及赔偿金额超过29亿元,推动修复受损生态环境,包括超过1150万立方米土壤、2000万平方米林地、600万平方米草地、4200万立方米地表水体、46万立方米地下水体,促进清理固体废物约2.28亿吨。生态环境部组织研究制定了8项鉴定评估技术规范,基本覆盖各类主要环境要素;组织开展了“生态环境损害赔偿磋商十大典型案例”评选,公众参与累计投票数超过440万,形成良好舆论氛围。所有省级党委政府都印发了生态环境损害赔偿制度改革实施方案,还出台了200多件配套文件。

  ciwai,shejishengtaihuanbaodedangneifaguiqudelezhongdadejinzhan,weiguancheluoshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangtigonglezhongyaodezhidubaozhang,duiguojiadeshengtaihuanjingfalvfaguijuyouzhongyaodeyinling、buchong、zhichizuoyong。shibadayilai,shengtaihuanjinglingyuzhongdagaigecuoshidadao60duoxiang,daduoshugaigecuoshidoushiyidangneifaguixingshichutaide,zuixindeyijianshi《zhongyangshengtaihuanjingbaohuduchagongzuoguiding》。zheifangmiandejinzhanlingrenzhenfen,tebiezhideguanzhu。

中国足彩网  xiayibu,中国足彩网 jiangjinyibushenruguancheluoshizongshujiguanyu“yifazhiwu”dengzhongyaozhishijingshen,ganyudandang、yongyuchuangxin、shanyuxiediao,yifaguibiaozhunzhidu中国足彩网 xinchengxiao,中国足彩网 hebaozhangwuranfangzhigongjianzhan。

  xiexiedajia!

  刘友宾: 下面,请大家提问。

  中央广播电视总台一套: 中国足彩网 想问一下,2020年是污染防治攻坚战关键一年,中国足彩网 想了解一下今年发生的疫情对依法治污产生了哪些影响?在疫情防控常态化的条件下,生态环境部如何做好依法治污?

  别涛: 谢谢您的提问,这是当前社会很关心的问题,生态环境部党组对这个问题十分重视,专门组织了研究讨论。

中国足彩网  bixushuomingdeshi,yizhiyilai,“yifazhiwu”shizhongshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiang、xijinpingzongshujiquanmianyifazhiguoxinlinianxinsixiangxinzhanlvedezhongyaoneirong。xijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangzhongjiubaohanleyanmifazhiguan。zheiyeshishengtaihuanjingbumenzaiwuranfangzhigongjianzhanzhong,shizhongjianchideyigeyuanze。

  jinnianlai,shengtaihuanjinglingyulifagongzuoqudetuchujinzhan,hangaishuiwuran、daqiwuran、turangwuran、gutifeiwu、zaoshengfangzhi,haiyanghuanjingbaohudengfangmian,jibenshixianleshengtaihuanbaolingyugehuanjie、gefangmian“youfakeyi”,zheijishi“yifazhiwu”qudedezhongyaochengxiao,yeshijinyibutuijin“yifazhiwu”dezhongyaojichu。

  zaidangqianzheiyijieduan,tuchuyaoqiu“yifazhiwu”,juyouteshudeyiyi。

中国足彩网  zaiyiqingfangkongchangtaihuaqiantixia,中国足彩网 bixulaolaobawoshengtaihuanjingbaohudezhanlvedingli,tongchouzuohaoshengtaihuanjingbaohudegexianggongzuo,weiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuijiaoshangyifenshengtaihuanjingbaohudemanyidajuan。

  qizhonghenzhongyaodeyigefangmian,jiushiyaojianjueguancheluoshizongshujiguanyu“yongzuiyangezhiduzuiyanmifazhibaohushengtaihuanjing”zhongyaozhishijingshen,jiushiyaojianchiyifazhilihuanjingwuranheyifabaohushengtaihuanjingbudongyao、busongxie,jiushiyaojixuyangezhixingshengtaihuanjingfalvfaguibiaozhun,duiweifapaiwuyaoyifachengchu,bunengjiangdibiaozhun、bunengtupodixian、“bunenggaoxiabuweili”,yaoqieshishulishengtaihuanjingfazhiyingyoudequanwei。

  tuchu“yifazhiwu”,yaoqiushengtaihuanjingbumenhedifangzhengfuqitaxiangguanbumengengjiazhuzhongyangeyifaxingzheng,zaifalvshouquanzhixia、zaifazhiguidaozhishang,gengjiaquanmian、gengjiabuzhebukoudilvxinghaoshengtaihuanbaodegongzuozhize。yifangmian,fadingzhizebixuwei,bunengyigezhongliyou“buzuowei”,taobizeren、fangrenweifa;lingyifangmian,zailvzhiguochengzhong,bixuyangezunshoufadingchengxu、tiaojian,buyunxuluanzuowei,bunengsiyijiansunqiyedengxingzhengxiangduirendehefaquanyi。

中国足彩网  shengtaihuanjingbuanzhaodangzhongyang、guowuyuanyaoqiu,jianlilexingzhengguifanxingwenjianhefaxingshenhejizhi、zhongdazhifajuedingfazhishenhejizhi,duichouxiangxingzhengxingweihejutixingzhengxingweidoujinxinghefaxingshenhe,bimian“hongtouwenjian”hexingzhengchufaderenxing、buheli,qieshibaohuqiyehegongzhongdehefaquanyi。

  中国足彩网 tuchu“yifazhiwu”,yutuchu“jingzhunzhiwu、kexuezhiwu”shiyitide、xianghuhuyingde。zhiyaoshifuhefalvjingshende,gejishengtaihuanjingbumenwanquankeyigengjiazhudongtansuochuangxin、caiqugengduoyouxiaode、guanyongde“zhaoshu”,lai中国足彩网 jingjishehuifazhandaju。

  wei中国足彩网 haofugongfuchan,zhichihao“liubao”,shengtaihuanjingbuzuijinchutaiyixiliewenjian。qizhong,shishilelianggezhengmianqingdan,yigeshihuanpingshenpizhengmianqingdan,lingyigeshijianguanzhifazhengmianqingdan。zheilianggeqingdanfuhedangzhongyang、guowuyuanguanyu“fangguanfu”gaigejingshen,tebieshizaiyiqingfangkongqijian,duiyu中国足彩网 “liuwen”gongzuo,tuidongfuchanfugong、weihushehuijingjiwendingdedaju,juyoujijizuoyong,shibianmindecuoshi。tongshi,shixingqingdanguanlizhidu,juebudengyufangsongjianguan,gengbushifangrenbuguan。lianggezhengmianqingdandehexinzaiyushixianjianguanfangshideyouhuachuangxin,tigaozhenduixing,duibutongdeqiyequbieduidai,duishoufadeqiyeyaojiyuchongfendexinren,jianqingqiyedefudan。zheishihuanbaojianguanshouduandechuangxin,shi中国足彩网 yushehui,shihefade,yeshihelide。xiexie。

  封面新闻: 谢谢刘司长,生态环境损害赔偿制度实施已经有一段时间了,请问目前这项工作进展情况如何,还存在哪些问题,下一步将开展哪些工作。能否介绍典型的案例,谢谢。

  别涛: 中国足彩网谢谢您关注生态环境损害赔偿,这是一项新的制度,也是一个新的探索实践,由中央提出,中央部署,各部门协同参与共同推进的一项生态环境改革措施。从2015年中央开始布置,试点两年之后2018年在全国全面试行,要从2015年算起有5个年头。对5年以来的进展,中国足彩网 借这个机会做一个反馈。

  zhuyaoyouwugefangmiandejinzhan。

  一是国家层面统筹推进的力度在不断加大。生态环境部推动将生态环境损害赔偿纳入了中办、国办2019年印发的《中央生态环境督察工作规定》;会同有关部门制定了改革重点任务分工方案,积极配合最高法、财政部、司法部等部门制订了相关司法解释、损害赔偿资金管理、生态环境损害司法鉴定评估管理等方面的指导性文件;梳理近三年突发环境事件和挂牌督办案件等情况,汇总形成生态环境损害赔偿重要案件线索,印发各地方核查办理;对工作推进相对缓慢的部分省份开展帮扶督导;组织开展生态环境损害赔偿磋商十大典型案件评选,公众积极参与评选,中国足彩网 也公布了这些案件。

  二是立法取得新进展。上月刚通过的《中华人民共和国民法典》以专章规定生态环境损害赔偿责任,明确国家规定的机关和法律规定组织的生态环境损害的索赔权,包括检察院,包括合法的NGO组织,包括法律授权的行政部门,可以对遭受损害的生态环境提出索赔。规定了生态环境损害赔偿的范围、惩罚性赔偿、赔偿的责任形式和范围的内容,将改革的成果上升为国家基本法律的内容,从实体法的层面上确定了生态环境损害赔偿的法律制度。生态环境部也在积极推动将生态环境损害赔偿制度纳入相关专项法律,现在已经写到法律里面的有土壤污染防治法、森林法、固体废物污染环境防治法。

  三是各地案例实践不断丰富。中国足彩网各地方以典型案例为抓手,办理了一批有影响力的生态环境损害赔偿案件,产生了良好的社会效果、法律效果和生态效应。据中国足彩网 的统计,全国共办理生态环境损害赔偿案件945件,涉及到的赔付金额超过29亿,有效推动修复了大量的受到损害的土壤、林地、草地、地表水、地下水以及固体废物的清理,取得良好的综合效果。

  四是地方的相关工作机制基本形成。中国足彩网各地方均印发了省级生态环境损害赔偿改革实施方案,有157个地级市印发了市地一级的实施方案,确定了分工,各地共制定磋商、调查、鉴定评估、资金管理等相关的配套文件,有200余件。

  五是生态环境损害赔偿所需要的技术规范在持续完善。生态环境部已经印发了生态环境损害鉴定评估系列技术方法,涉及到地表水、地下水、土壤、沉积物等方面,基本实现了生态环境损害鉴定评估技术的各环节要素的全覆盖。同时,还与国家市场监管总局联合发布了《危险废物鉴别标准 通则》等规范,完善物质属性鉴别的程序和方法。编制了突发环境事件环境影响和损失评估管理办法,以及应急处置阶段直接经济损失的核算细则,规范突发环境事件损害鉴定评估工作。

  kendingqudejinzhandetongshi,xianzaiyeqingxingdikandaohaicunzairuoganwenti,gendajiazuoyigebaogao。

  yishigegedifanggaigejinzhanhenbupingheng,you13geshengfendebananzongshuchaoguo20jian,anjianshuzhanbi80%,haiyouyibanyishangshengfenanjianshuzhanbibudao20%,qizhonghaiyoujishaoshudeshengfenshizaigeweishushangpaihuai。

中国足彩网  ershishengtaihuanjingsunhaijiandingpinggutixibugouwanshan,中国足彩网 you8geguifan,danshihaibugouwanshan,tebieshiguanyushengtaixitong、shengtaiyaosudepinggufangmian,youyushejidaojishuxing、zhuanyexing,zheifangmianhaimeiwanquandaowei。

中国足彩网  sanshiduoshudifangzhuanyerenyuanliliangbuzu。

中国足彩网  xiayibu中国足彩网 jiangzhongdianzuohaowufangmiangongzuo。

  yishijiaqiangdiaoduhedudaolidu,tebieshiduijinzhanhuanmandedifang,yaotuidongdifangluoshizhongyangdegaigeyaoqiu。

中国足彩网  ershihuitongyouguanbumen,jiakuaipeitaozhidude中国足彩网 。

  sanshijiaqiangshengtaihuanjingsunhaijianlipinggudejishufangfatixide中国足彩网 ,tianbukongbai。

  sishikaizhannengli中国足彩网 hexingyeguanli。

  wushidalituidonggedidezhongdiananjiandebanlihe中国足彩网 。

  gangcaininbijiaoguanzhuanli,anlizongshudaojinnian1yuefengongbanli945jian,qizhongyouyipiyouyingxianglide,youdaibiaoxingdeanjian。jiezheigejihui,中国足彩网 xiangtongguoanliduizheixiangzhidugaigedexiaoguozuoyixieshuoming,jieshaosigeanli。

  案例1,重庆两江新区某企业违法倾倒混凝土泥浆造成生态环境损害赔偿案件,损害的环境要素涉及到14400平方米的农田表土的流失和板结、土地裸化,生态系统的结构和功能发生重大变化,生态环境损害接近1000万元,准确是948万元。2019年7月,赔偿权利人和涉案企业经过磋商,达成了赔偿协议,肇事企业随后履行了生态环境的修复责任,清理了污染物超过40000立方米,土地超过1.3万平方米。

  zheigeanziyoulianggeliangdian,liangdianyishidangdidejianchayuan,zhongqingshirenminjianchayuanfaxianlemouqiyeweifaqingdaozaochengsunhaizhihou,tongguofasongjianchajianyishudexingshi,jianganjianxiansuogaozhidangdishengtaihuanjingbumen,shixianshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangyugongyisusongxiansuodeyouxiaoxianjie。

  liangdianershi,benanzhongxiangguanxingzhengbumen,yijugezidezhizeyifaduiqiyejinxinglequanmiandejiancha,duifaxiandeweifaxingweianzhaozhizelianchachu,gonganjiguanlianzhencha、yifayisong,anzhaochengxuzhuijiuxingshizeren,shengtaihuanjingbumentiqishengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichang,ducukaizhanshengtaihuanjingsunhaixiufu,shixianxingzheng、xingshi、minshizerentongbuzhuijiu,goujianyanmizerenzhuijiufawang。

  案例2,上海奉贤区张某等五人非法倾倒垃圾生态环境损害赔偿案,涉及到非法倾倒占地近2000平方米,而且垃圾的倾倒过程以及倾倒之后没有采取任何防渗措施,造成了生态环境损害。经过鉴定评估,污染物的清除和修复费用400万元左右,经过磋商,奉贤区生态环境局与五名赔偿义务人签订了赔偿协议,目前受损害的地块清挖和垃圾分类处治等相关修复工作已经全部完成。

  zheigeanzibusuanhenfuza,zerenrenhenqingchu,shoudaolesunhaiyehenqingxi,xianzaiyewanchengxiangguandexiufugongzuo。zheigeanziyoujigeliangdianzhidezhuyi。

中国足彩网  liangdian1,jiangshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzerendelvxingzuoweihuanjingxingshishenpandeliangxingqingjie,shixianshengtaihuanjingpeichangzerenyuxingshizerentongchouxiediao。zaochenglesunhaiyinggaichengdanxingzhengzeren,yanzhongde,chufanxingfayaochengdanxingshizeren。chengdanxingshizerenyeyouhenduoqingjie,ruguozhudongrenshicuowu,zhudongxiufu,jishixiaochuweihai,jianshaosunhai,zaixingshizerendezhuijiuguochengzhongkeyizuoweiliangxingdeqingjie,yuyishidangdecongqingchufa,zheishifuhexingshifalvde。congshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangtuidongdangshirenjishizhudongxiufushousundeshengtaihuanjing,zaixingshianjiandecaipanheliangxingdehuanjie,youjijideyingxiang。

中国足彩网  中国足彩网 yuanyitongguozheigeanlilaiyingxiangqitazaochengsunhaidezerenren、zerendanwei,tuidongtamenjishizhudongxiufushoudaosunhaideshengtaihuanjing。zheishiqizhongyigeliangdian。

  liangdianer,benanzaicuoshangdeguochengzhong,shixinglelvyuebaozhengjindezhidu。peichangyiwurenxiangxiangguandejiguanzhifubaozhengjin,baozhengjindeyongtuhenqingchu,ruguobunenganshianzhaoyaoqiulvxingxiufurenwu,baozhengjinjiangyongyushengtaihuanjingdexiufu,yongyubaozhangpeichangxieyidedaolvxing,shousundehuanjingnengdedaojishidexiufu,zheishidiergeliangdian。

  liangdiansan,benanshoucitansuocongyejinzhiling,jinzhixiangguanbeigaozaihuanxingkaoyanqineicongshiyupaiwuhuochuzhiweixianfeiwuyouguandejingyinghuodong,duiqianghuajianguan,fangzhishengtaihuanjingsunhaidezaicifashengjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

  zheigeanzisangetedian,minshidepeichangxiufuyuxingshizerenguagou,cuoshangguochengzhongyoubaozhengjin,tantaocongyejinzhiling,中国足彩网 duicibiaoshizanshang。

  案例3,天津经开区某企业非法倾倒废液和非矿物油污染生态的案件,受损害的土壤超过一万立方米,其中经过风险筛查,需要修复的超过240平方米,体积约360立方米。目前修复工作已经基本完成,正在开展修复之后的效果评估。

  zheigeanzitansuolexuyaoxiufuhebuxuyaoxiufuliangzhongsunhaidezerenchengdandefangshi。turangwuranfangzhifaguiding,turangshoudaowuranzhihou,zaidiaochajiancejichushangjinxingpinggu,shibushixuyaoxiufuhenengbunengxiufuyaojianbieqingkuang。duikeyixiufude,youpeichangyiwurenzixingxiufuhuozhezijifufeiweituodisanfangzhuanyejigouzuzhixiufu;duibuxuyaoxiufude,yaozhifupeichangjin,peichangjinyongyugonggongdehuanjingbaohu。

  案例4,安徽池州月亮湖某企业水污染生态环境损害赔偿案件。本案中,安徽池州月亮湖因为企业非法排污,致使水质超标,因为修复费用50万元以下,采用简易的鉴别评估程序进行损害鉴定。赔偿义务人同意按照赔偿意见书的要求进行赔偿,目前修复工作正在按计划实施,预计今年8月之前完成修复工作,最后会开展修复的评估。

中国足彩网  zheigeanzifanyingshenmetedian?shengtaihuanjingsunhaihouguodaduoshibijiaofuza,danyeyouyixieyinguoguanxihenjiandan,xiufuyebijiaojiandan,zheiyangjiubuxuyaojinxingtebiefuzadezhuanyejianding、pinggu,bayouxiandeziyuanjishideyongyushengtaihuanjingdexiufu,zheishishishiqiushide,duishengtaihuanjingbaohuyeshiyouyide。

中国足彩网  youyushengtaihuanjingfuzaxing、shengtaihuanshengtaihuanjingsunhaideqianzaixingheguangfanxingdengyinsu,中国足彩网 qianjinianzaiyouyigedifangchuxianzhongdawuranan,shejidaowuranwupaifangliangda,yingxiangfanweiguang,wuranwuchengfenfeichangfuza,shuyudaliangde、datijide、laiyuanhexingzhibumingdewuranwu,bixuduodiancaiyang,fenleijinxingzhuanyefenxi、huayan、pinggu,jianbieshuxing,jucimingqueyingchengdandezeren,jiandingpinggudefeiyongyishubaiwanji。zheigeanzibijiaojiandan,zerenqingchu,yinguoguanximingque,neijiushikuaigan,jianshaobubiyaodefeiyong。

  fuzadeanjianhejiandandeanjianqubieduidai,zheishishishiqiushide。

中国足彩网  guanyushengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichang中国足彩网 jiujieshaodaozheier,xiexie。

  华夏时报: 全国人大最近审议通过了《民法典》,请问《民法典》哪些生态环境保护方面的规定,对生态环境部门做好生态环境保护工作有哪些意义?

  别涛: 《民法典》的颁布,全社会都很关注。今年5月28日,十三届全国人大三次会议审议通过了《民法典》。这是新中国成立以来第一部以“法典”命名的法律,是新时代中国足彩网 国社会主义法治中国足彩网 的重大成果。

中国足彩网  xijinpingzongshujizuijinzai《qiushi》zazhifabiaotiwei“chongfenrenshibanbushishiminfadianzhongdayiyi yifagenghaobaozhangrenminhefaquanyi”dezhongyaoshumingwenzhang,shenkedizhichu,minfadianzaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyifalvtixizhongjuyouzhongyaodiwei,shiyibugugenben、wenyuqi、lizhangyuandejichuxingfalv,duituijinquanmianyifazhiguo、jiakuai中国足彩网 shehuizhuyifazhijuyouzhongdayiyi。

  《minfadian》zhongyouduogetiaokuanshejishengtaihuanjingbaohu,chongfentixianle《minfadian》“lvse”dechengfen,kanchengyibu“lvse”minfadian。muqian,zhongguozhengchuyugongyehua、chengshihuakuaisutuijinguochengzhong。youbiyaozongheyunyonggezhongfalvguifan,laituidongshengtaihuanjingzhubugaishan,《minfadian》shiqizhongfeichangzhongyaodeyigefangmian。 “lvse”《minfadian》duiyutuidonghuanjingdegaishanhezhongguodelvsefazhan,jiangfahuitadutedezhongyaozuoyong。

  qizhongyouyixieguiding中国足彩网 gendajiazuoyige中国足彩网 。

  yishizaizongzebiandijiutiaomingqueguidingle“lvseyuanze”,ji“minshizhuticongshiminshihuodong,yingdangyouliyujieyueziyuan、baohushengtaihuanjing。”juci,“lvse”yuanzechengweiminshihuodongdejibenyuanze。

  ershigegefenbianzhong,duogetiaokuanguidingleshengtaihuanjingbaohudeneirong。biru,wuquanbianzhongguiding,budongchanquanlirenbudeweifanweifanguojiaguidingqizhigutifeiwu,paifangdaqiwuranwu、shuiwuranwu、turangwuranwu、zaosheng、guangfushe、diancifushedengyouhaiwuzhi。jianzaojianzhuwu,budeweifanguojiayouguangongcheng中国足彩网 biaozhun,budefangaixianglinjianzhuwudetongfeng、caiguangherizhao。sheli中国足彩网 yongdishiyongquan,yingdangfuhejieyueziyuan、baohushengtaihuanjingdeyaoqiu。hetongbianguiding: dangshirenzailvxinghetongguochengzhong,yingdangbimianlangfeiziyuan、wuranhuanjinghepohuaishengtai。

  sanshi《minfadian》jiangzhongyangquedingdeshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzhidugaigedeshijianchengguoyuyifalvhua,zaiqinquanzerenbianzhong,shezhuanzhangguidingwuranhuanjinghepohuaishengtaideqinquanzeren。wuranhuanjingpohuaishengtaideshouhairenkeyitichuchengfaxingdepeichangyaoqiu,zheiduiezhieyipohuaixingweishiyoujijizuoyongde。tongshi,qinquanzerenbianhaiduishengtaihuanjingpeichangdexingshihefanweizuochuliejuguiding,zheishilifadeyidachuangxin。dajiakeyichayue《minfadian》di1234tiao,1235tiao,zheijitiaoshiguanyushengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangdeguiding。genjushangshuguiding,shengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangdefanweibaokuo: shengtaihuanjingshoudaosunhaizhixiufuwanchengqijian中国足彩网 gongnengsangshidaozhidesunshi,shengtaihuanjinggongnengyongjiuxingsunhaizaochengdesunshi,shengtaihuanjingsunhaidiaocha、jiandingpinggudengfeiyong,qingchuwuran、xiufushengtaihuanjingfeiyong,fangzhisunhaidefashenghekuodasuozhichudehelifeiyongdeng。

中国足彩网  《minfadian》dechutai,jinyibujianquanleshengtaihuanjingbaohuzerentixi,minshizerenyuxingzhengzeren、xingshizerenhuxiangpeihe、xietongfali,weiqiyelvxingzhutizerenkuokuanlexinlujing,weigoujianxiandaihuanjingzhilitixitigonglexinzhidian。

  gejishengtaihuanjingbumenjiangshenruxuexilinghuixijinpingzongshujidezhongyaozhishijingshen,yangeguancheluoshi《minfadian》deyouguanguiding,jianchijingzhunzhiwu、kexuezhiwu、yifazhiwu,tuidongshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuomaishangxintaijie。shengtaihuanjingbumenjiangba《minfadian》deyouguanguiding,tebieshiyouguanhuanjingwuranheshengtaipohuaideqinquanzeren、shengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangdengfangmiandeneirong,tuidongluoshidaoxiangguandeshengtaihuanjingzhuanxianglifagongzuozhong,quebaoxiangguanfalvfaguiyu《minfadian》xianjiexiediao。

  xiexie!

  南方都市报: 《环境噪声污染防治法》已经有24年时间没有进行全面修改了,请问目前对该法的修改是否有具体的计划?

  别涛: 中国足彩网感谢关注这一问题。现行的环境噪声污染防治法制定于1996年,近24年没有大调整,已经不适应新时期生态环境保护工作的需要。该法也没有配套的行政法规和规章,总体而言,未能发挥出应有的作用。

中国足彩网  jinqi,guojiashichangjianguanzongjutongbaole2019nianquanguo160gechengshi12gelingyudegonggong中国足彩网 zhiliangjiancejieguo,shengtaihuanjinglingyude“zhoubianzaoshengkongzhi”pingjiazhibiaodefenlvjiaodi。lingju中国足彩网 lejiedeyouguanqingkuang,shengtaihuanjingbumenshoulidehuanjingtousujubaozhong,zaidazhongchengshishejidaozaoshengtousuxinfangdebilichaoguo60%。zheidoufanyinglejishixiudinghuanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhifadebiyaoxing。

  huanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhifa(xiugai)yilieru《shisanjiequanguorendachangweihuilifaguihua》,youquanguorendahuanziweiqiantouqicao。2018nian12yue,quanguorendahuanziweifahan,weituo中国足彩网 buqicaohuanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhifaxiugaicaoanjianyigao。中国足彩网 buzhengzairenzhendiaoyanlunzheng、guangfanzhengqiugefangyijiandejichushang,yanjiuqicaoxiudingcaoanjianyigao。

中国足彩网  huanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhifaxiuding,jiangjiehexinshidaishengtaihuanjingguanlidexinyaoqiu,jianchiwentidaoxiang,tuchuzhongdian,jijiwentuotuijin。zhuyaokaolvcongyixia5gefangmianwanshanhuanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhifalvzhidu:

  yishituchuyuantouzhili。luoshiguihuazaihuanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhizhongdezhongyaozuoyong,zuodaoyuantoufangkong;jiaqiangduigongyeshengchan、jianzhushigong、jiaotongyunshuheshehuishenghuodenggeleihuanjingzaoshengyuandejianguan。

  ershijujiaozhongdianwenti。zhelijiejuedangqianhuanjingzaoshengwuranfangzhigongzuozhongmianlindebumenguanlizhizehuafenbuqing、yuantoufangkongbuzu、fazebumingquedengtuchuwenti。

  sanshizhiducuoshikexing。jiaqiangduixiangguanzhidudeyanjiulunzheng,quebaozhidukexingyouxiao。

中国足彩网  sishihuijichenggongshijian。chongfenjiejianguo(jing)neiwaixiangguanfalvfaguiheshijianzhongchenggongdeguanlijingyan,tuidongdachenggongshi,gaishanzhilichengxiao。

中国足彩网  wushitishengzhilinengli。qianghuazhengfujianduguanlizeren,huaqinggebumenjianguanzeren,luoshizaoshengpaifangdanweiwuranfangzhidezhutizeren,jiaqiangshehuigongzhi。

中国足彩网  yishang中国足彩网 chubudekaolv,rang中国足彩网 duizaoshengfadexiugaishimuyidai,中国足彩网 gerenyeshiduitachongmanleqidai,xiexie。

  每日经济新闻记者: 有媒体报道,河北邢台市威县经济开发区的润敏生物科技河北有限公司非法生产农药,在一年多时间里将3414.5吨强酸废液倾倒于当地7个县(区)13处地点。请简要介绍一下相关情况,生态环境部做了哪些工作?今后生态环境部将如何进一步采取措施打击危险废物非法倾倒行为?

  刘友宾: 5月27日,生态环境部会同公安部组成联合工作组,赴河北省邢台市威县展开调查。目前,中国足彩网 部已联合公安部,对邢台市污染环境案实施挂牌督办。

中国足彩网  xiayibu,中国足彩网 bujianglianhegonganbuhezuigaorenminjianchayuan,duinongyaodengzhongdianxingye、weixianfeiwuqingdaoanjianpinfadezhongdiandiquhesheweixianfeiwudezhongdianweifaxingwei,kaizhandajiweixianfeiwuhuanjingweifafanzuixingdong,yanchengsheweixianfeiwuhuanjingweifafanzuixingwei。

  时代周报: 去年年底,《长江保护法(草案)》已经提请全国人大审议,请问现在进展如何?作为一部流域立法,《长江保护法》如何防止部门保护主义和地方保护主义?

  别涛: 中国足彩网感谢对长江保护法立法工作的关注。

中国足彩网  zhangjiangbaohufayilierushisanjiequanguorendachangweihuilifaguihuayileixiangmu,youquanguorendahuanziweiqiantouqicao,中国足彩网 budengxiangguanbumenpeihe。qunian12yue,shisanjiequanguorendachangweihuidishiwucihuiyiduizhangjiangbaohufa(caoan)jinxinglechucishenyi,suihouxiangshehuigongkaizhengjiyijian。anzhaoquanguorendachangweihui2020nianlifagongzuojihua,zhangjiangbaohufajiangyuxiabanniantiqingershen。

  2019nian6yue5ri,quanguorendachangweihuilizhanshuweiyuanzhangzaizhangjiangbaohufalifazuotanhuishangzhichu,yaoshenruxuexiguanchexijinpingzongshuji“gongzhuadabaohu,bugaodakaifa”dezhongyaozhishijingshen,lizuquanju、zheyanzhangyuan,chongfenrenshizhidingzhangjiangbaohufadezhongyaoxing、jinpoxing,zhashizuohaolifagongzuo。zhangjiangbaohufashiyibubaohuzhangjiangquanliuyushengtaixitong,tuijinzhangjiangjingjidailvsefazhan、gaozhiliangfazhandezhuanmenfahetebiefa。zailifazhongyaozhaozhundingwei,tuchuzhongdian。

中国足彩网  muqiandezhangjiangbaohufacaoanquelilexitongbaohu、tongchouxiediaodengyuanze。zhuyaotixianzaiyixiajigefangmian:

中国足彩网  yishiyi“gongzhuadabaohu、bugaodakaifa”quedinglifafangxianghedingwei。zhangjiangbaohufadeqicaogongzuoyuanzebaokuo: jianchixitongbaohu,congshengtaixitongzhengtixinghezhangjiangliuyuxitongxingzheyan,tongchoushanshuilintianhucaodengshengtaiyaosu,shishihaoshengtaixiufuhehuanjingbaohugongcheng;jiaqiangtongchouxiediao、jianchiquanliuyuhezuo,xietongbaohudeng。

  ershijianlitongfenjiehe、zhengtiliandongdezhangjiangliuyuguanlitizhi。dapotiaokuaifenge、duotouguanlidejumian,zhengheganzhiliu、zuoyouanheshangzhongxiayouzhilinengli,tongguoguojiajianlizhangjiangliuyuxiediaojizhi,jianliqitongfenjiehe、zhengtiliandongdezhangjiangliuyuguanlitizhi。

  sanshitongyiguihua、tongyibiaozhun、tongyijiancehetongyixinxifabu。jianlijianquanzhangjiangliuyutongyideguotukongjianguihuazhidu,jianligengwanshanyangedezhangjiangliuyushengtaihuanjingbiaozhuntixi,jianquanliuyuneiziyuandiaocha、huanjingjiance、shengtaihuanjingfengxianyujing、huanjingyingjitixihejiancexinxigongxianghetongyifabuzhidu。

中国足彩网  xiayibu,shengtaihuanjingbujiangjijipeihelifajiguan,zuohaozhangjiangbaohufacaoandexiugaiwanshan,tuidongzhangjiangbaohufazaorichutaiheshengxiaoshishi。xiexie!

  澎湃新闻: 近日,西安市人大常委会公布了《西安市秦岭生态环境保护条例》,将于7月1日起施行。请问,从立法角度看,这一立法有什么亮点,将对秦岭生态环境保护发挥什么样的作用?

  别涛: 很高兴你关注这部新的重要的地方立法。秦岭生态环境保护问题,中央重视,总书记很关心。最近这几年来围绕秦岭的生态环保,国家组织实施了一系列重大行动。这部地方性法规的出台,中国足彩网 认为也是这些行动的成果之一,值得关注。

  qinlingshanmaishi中国足彩网 guozhongyaodeshengtaianquanpingzhang,baohuqinlingrenwujianju、zerenzhongda。2013nian6yue,xianshirendachangweihuitongguo《xianshiqinlingshengtaihuanjingbaohutiaoli》,gaitiaoliyu2016nianzuoleyicixiuzheng。2019nian12yuexianshirendachangweihuiduitiaolizuolequanmianxiuding,zi2020nian7yue1riqishixing。

中国足彩网  2020nian4yue,xijinpingzongshujizaishanxikaochashizhichu,“baohuhaoqinlingshengtaihuanjing,duiquebaozhonghuaminzuzhangshengbushuai、shixian‘lianggeyibainian’fendoumubiao、shixiankechixufazhanjuyoushifenzhongdaershenyuandeyiyi。”

中国足彩网  cici《xianshiqinlingshengtaihuanjingbaohutiaoli》dexiudingbanbu,shiguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujizhongyaojianghuahezhongyaozhishijingshendejutixingdong。tiaolidequanmianxiuding,yiweizhexianjiangyizuiyangedeshengtaihuanjingbaohuzhidulaibaohuqinling,zhulaoguojiazhongyaoshengtaianquanpingzhang。

  conglifadejiaodulaikan,zheigefalvdeneirongqueshiyouzhuduofangmianshikequankediande,中国足彩网 jianyaobaogaojidian:

  jiuneirongeryan: xintiaolicongguanlitizhi、shengtaihuanjingbaohuguihua、ziranziyuanbaohu、renwenziyuanbaohu、kaifa中国足彩网 huodongdeshengtaihuanjingbaohudengfangmian,duixianshiqinlingshengtaihuanjingbaohugongzuojinxingguifan。

  jiutedianeryan: xintiaolizaijianchibaohuguihuaxianxing、kexuehuadingbaohufanwei、quedingbaohuguanlitizhi、hangshizhengfuzeren、gongguweijianzhengzhichengguo、congyanshedingfalvzerendengfangmian,qudejiaodatupo。

  guanyubaohufanwei: xintiaolizaizunxun《shanxishengqinlingshengtaihuanjingbaohutiaoli》dejichushang,jiangxianshiqinlingbaohufanweihuafenwei: hexinbaohuqu、zhongdianbaohuqu、yibanbaohuqu,bingzaibaohufanweiwaiweihuadingyidingde中国足彩网 kongzhididai。

  guanyujinzhixingxingwei: zhenduiweifa中国足彩网 bieshu、kaifakuangchanziyuandengxingwei,xintiaolizaiyangezhixing《shanxishengqinlingshengtaihuanjingbaohutiaoli》xiangguanjinzhixingweideqiantixia,haijiehexianshiqinlingbaohushiji,guidingleqinlingbaohufanweineide6leijinzhixingwei,baokuojinzhifangdichankaifa;kaishancaishi;xinjianzongjiaohuodongchangsuo;xinjian、kuojianjingyingxinggongmu;xinjiangaoerfuqiuchang;falv、faguijinzhideqitahuodong。

中国足彩网  guanyuweifazeren: xintiaolitigaoleweifakaifafangdichanhezaihexinbaohuqu、zhongdianbaohuqujinxingweifa中国足彩网 dechufaedu;zengjialepohuai、shanziyidongbaohubiaoshijibaohusheshiheweianzhaoguidingliuzushengtaijiliu、shezhishengtaijiliukoudefalvzerendeng,jinyibutigaolexiangguanweifaxingweidexingzhengchufalidu。

  tebiezhidetijideshi,xintiaolichongfenxinaleshengtaihuanjingtizhigaigechengguo,jiangshengtaihuanjinghongxian、shengtaibuchangjizhi、lingdaoganbulirenshenjihezerenzhuijiu、qiyehuanjingxinyongguanli、xingzhengzhifayusifaxietong、shengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichang、huanjinggongyisusongdenggaigetansuofazhihua。

  shengtaihuanjingbugaodupingjia《xianshiqinlingshengtaihuanjingbaohutiaoli》dexiudingbanbushishi。中国足彩网 renweizheishiyibugaozhiliangdedifanghuanjinglifa。xiangxindifangyouguanshengtaihuanjingbumenhuiyangeluoshitiaolideyouguanguiding,jianchiyifaxingzheng,quanlituidongqinlingdeshengtaihuanbaogongzuomaishangxintaijie。shengtaihuanjingbujiangjijizhichi、peihebaokuoxianshizaineideshanxiqinlingyouguandifangrenda、zhengfubumenhesifajiguanrenzhenguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujizhongyaozhishijingshen,genjubendishijiqingkuangjinyibuwanshanbaokuoqinlingzaineideteshuzhongdianshengtaigongnengqu、huanjingminganqu、cuiruoqubaohudezhongyaozhiducuoshi,wei中国足彩网 meilizhongguozuochuxindegongxian,xiexie!

  大众网: 中国足彩网 的提问是实现精准治污、依法治污、科学治污环境质量改善目标在污染物排放标准方面有哪些举措,同时中国足彩网 也注意到近期生态环境部发布了中国足彩网 国首批国家生态环境基准,对此大家不是很熟悉,能不能介绍一下,谢谢。

  王海燕: 首先非常感谢媒体朋友对环境标准和基准工作的关心。

中国足彩网  wuranwupaifangbiaozhunshituijinwuranjianpai、fangfanhuanjingfengxian、gaishanhuanjingzhiliang、youhuajingjifazhandezhongyaoshouduanzhiyi。中国足彩网 guogaoduzhongshishengtaihuanjingbiaozhunzhixiudinggongzuo,zhengrugangcaibietaosizhangsuojieshaode,jingguo40duoniandefazhan,中国足彩网 guoxianxingyouxiaodeguojiawuranwupaifangbiaozhunyou186xiang,zheixiewuranwupaifangbiaozhunzaidaobihuanjingwuranfangzhi、tuidongchanyezhuanxingshengji、cujinjingjishehuifazhanfangmianfahuilezhongyaozuoyong。

中国足彩网  guojiapaifangbiaozhunzhuyaodingweiyuhuanjingzhunru,shiwuranwupaifangkongzhidejibenyaoqiu,zaiquanguofanweineitongyizhixing。suizhewuranzhiligongzuodebuduanshenru,gediduijingzhunzhiwutichulegenggaodeyaoqiu,tongyideguojiawuranwupaifangbiaozhun,zaimouxielingyuyequeshicunzaizhezhenduixingbuqiangdengshijiwenti。

中国足彩网  weituijinjingzhunzhiwu、kexuezhiwu、yifazhiwu,zaiguojiacengmianshang,jiangbuduanyouhuawanshanguojiawuranwupaifangbiaozhun,bingjiaqiangxianyoubiaozhundeshishilidu。zaidifangcengmianshang,yaochongfenfahuidifangzhengfujijixing,genjuhuanjingzhilianggaishanmubiao,yindizhiyituijindifangwuranwupaifangbiaozhunzhixiudinggongzuo。

中国足彩网  difangpaifangbiaozhunzhuyaodingweiyujinyibuyouhuaxingyefazhanhegaishanhuanjingzhiliang,tichugengshihebenquyuliuyudepaifangkongzhiyaoqiu。yishuiwuranwupaifangbiaozhunweili,jiezhimuqian,中国足彩网 guoyifabuguojiashuiwuranwupaifangbiaozhun64xiang,difang26geshengfenzhidingfabuledifangshuiwuranwupaifangbiaozhungong96xiang。qizhong10geshengweigaishanshuihuanjingzhiliang,chutaile28xiangliuyushuiwuranwupaifangbiaozhun,qudelemingxiandehuanjingxiaoyi。

  weijinyibuzhidaoyuguifandifangliuyubiaozhunbianzhigongzuo,jinnian中国足彩网 buzuzhizhidingfabule《liuyushuiwuranwupaifangbiaozhunzhidingjishudaoze》,mingquele中国足彩网 guoshuiwuranwupaifangbiaozhuntixikuangjiahegezizuoyongdingweijishishiguize,tichuledifangliuyupaifangbiaozhunzhidingdejibenyuanzeyujishuyaoqiu,duituidongdifangliuyupaifangbiaozhunfazhan、zhichengpaiwuxukezhishishi、gaishanshuihuanjingzhiliangheshishijingzhunkexuezhiwujuyoujijidezhidaoyiyi。

  jinhou,中国足彩网 haijiangfenlingyuluxuchutaidifangpaifangbiaozhunzhidingjishudaoze,jiaqiangduidifang“yindizhiyi”kaizhanbiaozhunzhixiudinggongzuodezhidaoyuguifan。

  别涛: 提到基准的问题,确实大家可能觉得相对陌生,从专业的角度,生态环境基准的含义是,在特定条件和用途下,污染物质或有害要素等环境因子对人群健康与生态系统不产生有害效应的最大剂量或水平。它不考虑社会、经济及技术等方面因素,是一个客观、科学的问题,不具有法律强制力。生态环境基准研究以环境暴露、毒性效应和风险评估为核心,揭示环境因子影响人群健康和生态安全的客观规律。从揭示客观规律看,生态环境基准具有普适性,同时由于自然地理和生态系统构成等方面的差异,也会使这种客观规律呈现一定的地域特殊性。

  dajiacongganggangfabude《danshuishuishengshengwushuizhijizhunjishubaogao—ge》keyikandao,youyutuidaofangfa、guanzhuwuzhongdechayi,butongguojia、shenzhitongyiguojiazaibutongshiqizhidingdegeshuizhijizhuncunzaijiaodachayi。youguanwenxiankandao,meiguozai1980nian、1985nian、1995nian、2001nianhe2016nian,xianhou5cixiudingdanshuishuishengshengwugeshuizhijizhun。1980nianfabudanshuishuishengshengwugeshuizhijizhunshi,duanqishuizhijizhuntuidaonarule29gewuzhongdejixingduxingshuju,zhangqishuizhijizhuntuidaonarule13gewuzhongdemanxingduxingshuju;2016niangengxinshi,duanqishuizhijizhuntuidaonarule101gewuzhongdejixingduxingshuju、zhangqishuizhijizhuntuidaonarule27gewuzhongdemanxingduxingshuju,2016nianxiangduiyiqianyouhendafududezengjia。

中国足彩网  zaitiaojianyunxudeqingkuangxia,geguo、gediquyinggenjubenguohuobendiqushengtaihuanjingtedianyouzhenduixingdikaizhanjizhunyanjiu。

  中国足彩网 guo2015nianbanbushengxiaodexin《huanjingbaohufa》di15tiaoguiding: “guojiagulikaizhanhuanjingjizhunyanjiu”,zheishiguojiahuanbaojibenfalishouciweijianlijianquanguojiashengtaihuanjingjizhuntixi、tuidongshengtaihuanjingjizhungongzuojiankangfazhantigongfalvdeyijuheyaoqiu。yanjiuzhidingfuhe中国足彩网 guoshengtaihuanjingtezhengdeshengtaihuanjingjizhun,bujinshizhixiudingshengtaihuanjingzhiliangbiaozhun、pinggushengtaihuanjingfengxian,yijijinxingshengtaihuanjingguanlidelilunjichuhekexueyiju,yeshigoujianguojiashengtaihuanjingfengxianfangfantixidezhongyaojishi,youliyugenghaoditishengshengtaihuanjingguanlinengliheshuiping,shiyixiangxuyaozhangqichixutuijindejichuxinggongzuo。中国足彩网 bu2017nianyilai,fabule《guojiahuanjingjizhunguanlibanfa(shixing)》,zujianleguojiashengtaihuanjingjizhunzhuanjiaweiyuanhui,luxufabuleyixiejizhunzhidingjishuzhinan,jinnianyoufabuleshoupiguojiashengtaihuanjingjizhun,chubuxingchengdingcengsheji、jishuguifan、jizhunzhiyouxuxianjiedeshengtaihuanjingjizhunguanliliantiao。

中国足彩网  youyujizhundejishuxing、zhuanyexing、kexuexing,xiayibu,中国足彩网 bujiangyituoguojiashengtaihuanjingjizhunzhuanjiaweiyuanhui,jiaqiangdingcengsheji,congdaqi、danshui、haishui、turangdengfangmian,bianzhi “shisiwu”guojiashengtaihuanjingjizhunfazhanguihua,quanmiantuidongguojiashengtaihuanjingjizhuntixi中国足彩网 。xiexie!

  路透社记者: 中国将在7月1日起对再生铜、再生铸造铝合金和再生黄铜进口实施三项新的国家标准,但这三种原料的海关代码现在还没公布,请问生态环境部在这方面还需要做哪些工作?此外,生态环境部是否打算在今年剩余的时间里及以后继续发放废金属的配额?

  刘友宾: 2019年底,市场监管总局发布了再生黄铜、再生铜、再生铸造铝合金原料产品质量标准,明确规定将于2020年7月1日起实施。这3项标准不仅适用于再生原料产品的进口管理,也适用于国内再生原料产品的流通贸易。关于海关编码、进口程序等事宜,建议与主管部门联系获取。

  jinzhiyanglajijinkoushidangzhongyang、guowuyuanzaixinshiqixinxingshixiazuochudeyixiangzhongdajuecebushu,shi中国足彩网 guoshengtaiwenming中国足彩网 debiaozhixingjucuo。zi2017nianyilai,gaigegongzuopingwenyouxu,gutifeiwujinkouzhongleiheshuliangdafuduxiajiang。2020nian1-5yue,quanguogutifeiwujinkouliangwei322.6wandun,tongbijianshao45.3%。xiabannian,中国足彩网 bujiangyanxushangbannianshenpimoshi,anjidingjihuajinyibuxuejianbaokuofeijinshuzaineidegutifeiwujinkoushuliang;zi2021nianqi,中国足彩网 guoquanmianjinzhigutifeiwujinkou,中国足彩网 bujiangbuzaishouliheshenpigutifeiwujinkouxiangguanshenqing。

  jinnianshijinzhiyanglajirujingtuijingutifeiwujinkouguanlizhidugaigedeshouguanzhinian。xinxiuding《gutifeiwuwuranhuanjingfangzhifa》jiangzijinnian9yue1riqishixing,mingqueleduiyisigutifeiwudejinkouhuowukaizhanshuxingjianbie、feifarujinggutifeiwudetuiyunhechuzhidengfalvyaoqiu,bingqiedafutigaoleweifachufalidu,weijinyibutuidonggutifeiwujinkouguanlizhidugaigegongzuotigonglefalvbaozhang。

  shengtaihuanjingbujiangjixuhuitonggeyouguanbumenhediqujianjueluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanjuecebushu,baochigaigezhanlvedingli,qieerbushe,yiyiguanzhi,jianchifangxiangbubian、lidubujian,jixudafuduxuejiangutifeiwujinkoushuliang,quebaodao2020nianniandiqianjibenshixiangutifeiwulingjinkou。

  人民网: 中国足彩网 想请问一下近几年有关环境的公益诉讼实践在不断推进,请问目前各地环境公益诉讼落地情况如何,生态环境部有没有采取哪些措施去推进这项工作,以及现在存在的问题和下一步的举措。谢谢。

  别涛: 中国足彩网谢谢您对环境公益诉讼制度的关心。为了推动环境公益诉讼,生态环境部会同有关部门最近这几年也做了一些工作,也取得了积极的进展,中国足彩网 做一个简要的反馈。

  yishishengtaihuanjingbupeihezuigaojiantuidonghuanjinggongyisusongzhiduluodideqingkuang。weiletuijinhuanjinggongyisusong,2019nianshengtaihuanjingbudengbumenpeihezuigaojianchutaile《guanyuzaijianchagongyisusongzhongjiaqiangxiezuopeiheyifadahaowuranfangzhigongjianzhandeyijian》。zuigaojianduigongyisusongfeichangzhongshi,qudehenhaoxiaoguo,中国足彩网 gaoduzanshang。

  anzhaozhidaoyijian,difangshengtaihuanjingbumenyudangdijianchajiguanjiaqiangxiezuo,tuidongbendiqudegongyisusong。liru,jiangsushenggejishengtaihuanjingbumenyudangdijianchajiguanjianlileguangfandexiezuopeihejizhi;xinjiangweiwuerzizhiqushengtaihuanjingtingyuzizhiqurenminjianchayuanyu2019nianqianshu《guanyujinyibujiaqianggongyisusonggongzuozuotanhuijiyao》,duigongzuojizhi、chengxuzuolejutiguiding。

中国足彩网  zaisifajiguan、xingzhengbumendegongtongtuidongxia,gedihuanjinggongyisusongchixufazhan,jinnianlianghuiqijianzuigaofahezuigaojiandegongzuobaogaoxianshi,2019nianjianchajiguanbanliminshigongyisusonghexingzhenggongyisusongtongbifenbieshangsheng62.2%he10.1%,shangshengfudufeichangda; zai2019niangejirenminfayuanshenjieanjianzhong,you1953jianshijianchajiguanheshehuizuzhitiqidehuanjinggongyisusonganjian。shijianzhong,zhenduishengtaihuanjingbumentiqidexingzhenggongyisusonganjian,daduoshujingguosuqianchengxu,jianchayuanfaxianyouyigedifangyouhuanjingweifaanjian,xingzhengjiguanmeiyoulvzhidaoweide,xiangenxingzhengbumengoutong,qisuzhiqianjianyijishizhudonglvzhidaowei;ruguowushijianchajianyi,jiufayuanjian。tongguosuqianchengxu,ducu、zhidaoyouguanxingzhengjiguanjishijiuzhenghuanjinglvzhifangmiandeweifaxingwei,huozheyifalvxingjianguanzhineng,shiguojialiyi、shehuiliyihehuanjingliyidedaoyouxiaoweihu。jianchayuantiqidegongyisusongtongguosuqianchengxujiejueledabufenwenti,中国足彩网 duicishijijizhichide。

中国足彩网  gongyisusongfangmianhaiyouyigefangmianzhideguanzhu。fuhefadingtiaojiandehuanbaozuzhi,yifatiqihuanjinggongyisusongyefahuilejijidexiaoguo。biruzhenduilvkongqueqixidi、tenggelishamohuanjingwurantiqigongyisusong,dedaofayuanzhichi,chanshenghenhaodefalvxiaoguo,中国足彩网 biaoshizanyang。jianchayuan、hefadeshehuizuzhiyifatiqihuanjinggongyisusong,中国足彩网 shizhichihezanshangde。

  chulepeihekaizhanyouguangongzuozhiwai,shengtaihuanjingbuhaitongguosifangmiandenuli,jijizhichihetuidonghuanjinggongyisusongdekaizhan。

  一是主动向社会公布行政处罚案件,发布行政处罚的典型案例,为社会组织和人民检察院提供环境行政执法的信息和专业支持,从中可以发现公益诉讼的线索。

  二是中国足彩网指导督促各地抓紧贯彻落实检察机关提出的检察建议,特别是在诉前程序这个环节提出的履职建议,这是非常重要的,要求各地方要重视,及时履行。

  三是中国足彩网制定生态环境损害鉴定评估的技术规范,推荐生态环境损害鉴定评估机构。公益诉讼NGO组织或者检察机关,大多数不具备鉴定评估专业能力,需要有社会第三方单位提供鉴定支持和中国足彩网 。生态环境部向社会推荐这样的专业机构,由检察院、NGO自行选择。经过三批推荐之后,现在基本实现了全国31个省市自治区和新疆兵团的生态环境鉴定评估机构全覆盖,过去有些省份还没有,有的省份相对较多,现在是基本全覆盖,能就近找到一个或者多个生态环境鉴定评估机构,大家做合理的比选。另外举行了系列专题培训,为生态环境公益诉讼提供技术支持。

  四是加强生态损害赔偿制度改革,探索建立信息共享机制。生态环境部门和检察机关以及其他司法、行政机关形成了良好的工作协同配合机制。

  huanjinggongyisusongdefazhanlibukaifalvdezhicheng,qianjinianxiugaideminshisusongfa、xingzhengsusongfa、huanjingbaohufaduigongyisusongdeyuangaozige、susongchengxuzuochuguiding。zuixinchutaide《minfadian》zhuanzhangguidingshengtaisunhaipeichangzeren,mingquelesunshidefanwei、zerendexingshi,weihuanjinggongyisusongtigongleshitifangmiandefalvbaozhanghezhichi。

中国足彩网  huanjinggongyisusongfangmianhaicunzaiyixiewenti。yishihuanjinggongyisusongyushengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangzhidudexianjiehaiyouyixiexijiewentixuyaotansuojiejue。ershigongyisusongsunhaipeichangjingfeideguishu、shiyong、guanlichengxuhaibujinmingque,shiyongdexiaolvxiaoguohaiyoudaigaishan。sanshizaijinyibumingxixingzhengjiguanhesifajiguanzaigongyisusongfangmiandezhizehuafen,tigaosuqianjianchajianyidezhunquexing、youxiaoxingfangmianhaiyougaijinkongjian。

中国足彩网  xiayibu中国足彩网 jiangcongsangefangmianjinyibutuidonghuanjinggongyisusong,chongfenfahuihuanjinggongyisusongdejijizuoyong。yishizhidaoheducudifanggejishengtaihuanjingbumentigaorenshi,yaozhengquerenshihuanjinggongyisusongdejijizuoyong,jianghuanjingxingzhenggongyisusongzuoweijiaqianghegaijinshengtaihuanjinggongzuodeqijihetuidongli。ershipeihesifajiguanwanshangexiangzhidu,tebieshipeichangjingfeideguanli、shiyong、jixiao、jiandu,jinyibumingqueqidongxingzhenggongyisusongdechengxu、tiaojian,xihuahuanjingxingzhengsusongqisudexingshiyaojianheshizhiyaojian。sanshijixuzhixiudingshengtaihuanjingsunhaipeichangjishuzhinan,bingzuzhizhuantipeixun,tigaogedingozuzhiyijixiangguanjiguan,baokuojianchajiguan,youxiaokaizhanhuanjinggongyisusongdejishunengli,gongtongfahuihuanjinggongyisusongduiyushengtaihuanjingbaohudejijituidongzuoyong。xiexie。

  刘友宾: 中国足彩网今天的发布会到此结束。谢谢大家!

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